Acland Barton And Chapel

10 Sep 1999
Acland Barton And Chapel, Landkey, North Devon, Devon
Photograph (Digital)
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This information is taken from the statutory List as it was in 2001 and may not be up to date.

LANDKEY SS 53 SE 7/97 Acland Barton and Chapel 25.2.65 GV I

Barton and chapel now store-shed and workshop. C15, both remodelled in 1591.

House altered and extended in late C19. House of roughly coursed stone rubble.

Slate roof, hipped at left end, gable end to right. Tall brick stack with oversailing courses at left end. Rubble stack with offsets heightened in brick at right gable end. Chapel of painted cob and stone with stone dressings. Lateral rubble stack to rear with brick shaft. Slate roof with gable ends. The house has large hall to right of through-passage; probably formerly open to the roof but must have been heated by stack, as there is no smoke-blackening to the late C15 roof structure. In 1591 this wing was extended, the through-passage and first floor probably inserted and a service end added at lower end, now partly converted to parlour. Possibly in C17 a large right-angled 2-storeyed extension was added to rear right end, formerly with a hipped end where it joins the main range. In late C19 a single storey right-angled kitchen extension was added to rear left side completing 3 sided rear courtyard plan with corrugated roof to outshut to rear of main range across the length of the courtyard. The right-hand extension has a tall rendered stack to its inner face and brick stack at gable end of C19 addition. The chapel sits at right angles to, and adjoining the front left end of the house.

House and chapel both of 2 storeys, the chapel with single rooms of unequal size to each side of lobby entrance. House has 3-window range, 3-light casement to left and 2-gabled half dormers to right side with timber lintels. Three 3-light casements to ground floor with timber lintels which are chamfered to the 2 outer openings. C20 fenestration throughout except C19 extensions. Massive through- passage doorway with tiled lean-to roof supported on heavy oak pillars with chamfered jambs reducing to hollow chamfered surround with 1591 date carved to the centre of the head of the lintel. 4-centred arch to inner doorway with a cyma reversa and hollow-moulded surround. Massive 4-plank door with studded nail heads, old knocker and latch, horizontal planking to inner face.

Chapel has 2-window range of timber mullion windows of three 4-centred arched lights with moulded surrounds, the 2 outer lights to each window are infilled, the centre lights with stanchions and saddle bars. 2 ground floor stone mullion windows with three 4-centred arched lights, left side has had stone hoodmould replaced with moulded timber lintel, both sides have label stops with fleur-de-lis and foliated designs. Stanchions and saddle bars to each of the 3 lights. These flank stone doorway with depressed ogee arch with roll and hollow chamfered surround, the base of the jambs hollowed outwards to admit cider barrels. Plank door. To rear upper storey is a timber mullion window with moulded surround of two 4-centred arched lights with stanchions and saddle bars.

Interior of house: 3 shoulder-headed chamfered door surrounds to left of through- passage, 2 forming pair towards front end and single doorway towards rear set close to impressive segmental-arched rear through-passage doorway with double chamfered surround. Panelled screen to hall side of through-passage of 4 sections, each section 2 panels wide and 3 panels high; 2 sections each side of inserted doorcase possibly casing in earlier door surround. Hall has single scroll-stopped beam. 4 panelled door to rear right end. Fine staircase with moulded handrail, thick turned balusters and square newels with ball finials. 3 early door surrounds at head of stairs, that to left partially cased in, 1 straight-headed without chamfers, the other with run-out stops, overlight and reset 10 panelled door, the upper 2 panels truncated. Over the hall and through-passage, the lower end of which forms a closed truss, is an impressive roof structure with all details intact. 5 principal trusses with short raised jointed cruck feet resting on a continuous moulded wall plate, the hollow-chamfers-flanking-axial-roll-and-fillet moulding running up from the base to the tip of cruck foot from where it continues around the soffit of the archbracing supporting collars morticed into the soffits of the principals. 2 tiers of threaded purlins, the upper tier with 4 straight windbraces meeting and lapjointed at the centre of the purlins between each truss, the soffits of the windbraces and purlins are chamfered with run out stops. The single truss over the lower end has heavy principals, threaded purlins and side- pegged collars.

Interior of Chapel C19 doorcases to each side of lobby entry with old staircase backing onto the lobby. Ground floor room to right side has brick steps at right gable end to plank door. Infilled fireplace on rear wall with heavy timber lintel and stone jambs. Room to left has panelled surround to window seat. Upper storey divided into 3 rooms with landing, 2 rooms to right side. Virtually continuous unceiled waggon roof with every fourth rib moulded with carved bosses at the intersections of single tier of side and ridge purl in runs almost the length of the building except at right gable end where there are 2 heavy trusses with straight principals and 2 tiers of threaded purlins, the innermost truss being closed. The rooms to each side of landing have late C16/early C17 plasterwork, that towards right gable end has similar devices echoed on each tympanum composed of a moulded cornice and frieze of interlocking 'S' and foliated scrolls with central heraldic device above with scrolled surround and roundels above and below flanked by foliated swags. Room towards left gable end has a plainer plaster cornice on its inner wall only with similar heraldic device above flanked by larger foliated devices.

All 4 doorways with timber surrounds to upper storey are late C16 or early C17, that to inner room towards right gable end has slightly cranked head and chamfered surround, reached by short corridor which has slightly shouldered and cranked head to end doorway. Straight-headed door at head of stairs to principal room and cranked head and chamfered surround to doorway to room at left end which also has original ledged 2 plank door.

Listing NGR: SS5941132528


This is part of the Series: IOE01/0003 IOE Records taken by L E Abbott; within the Collection: IOE01 Images Of England


© Mr L.E. Abbott. Source: Historic England Archive

This photograph was taken for the Images of England project

People & Organisations

Photographer: Abbott, L.E.

Rights Holder: Abbott, L.E.


Cob, Rubble, Slate, Stone, Tile, Timber, Medieval Farmhouse, Tudor Domestic, Agricultural Dwelling, Dwelling, House, Agriculture And Subsistence, Farm Building, Agricultural Building, Chapel, Religious Ritual And Funerary, Place Of Worship, Cruck House, Monument (By Form), Timber Framed House, Timber Framed Building, Open Hall House, Hall House, Courtyard, Gardens Parks And Urban Spaces