Round barrow SE of Down Linhay
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1002545
Date first listed: 20-Jan-1964
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: North Devon (District Authority)
Parish: Lynton and Lynmouth
National Park: EXMOOR
National Grid Reference: SS 70793 48597
A bowl barrow 600m north east of Dean Farm.
Reasons for Designation
Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the others, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Many of the field monuments surviving on Exmoor date from the later prehistoric period. Examples include stone settings, stone alignments, standing stones, and burial mounds (`barrows').
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Over 370 bowl barrows, varying in diameter from 2m to 35m, have been recorded on Exmoor. Many of these are found on or close to the summits of the three east-west ridges which cross the moor - the southern escarpment, the central ridge, and the northern ridge - whilst individual barrows and groups may also be found on lower lying ground and hillslopes. Those which occupy prominent locations form a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.
The bowl barrow 600m north east of Dean Farm survives well and has a very prominent location with extensive views across the surrounding landscape and out across the Bristol Channel, indicating its importance as a territorial marker. It will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use, funerary and ritual significance as well as its landscape context.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 5 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the summit of a prominent hill overlooking The Valley of the Rocks, Lynton and the valley of the West Lyn River. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 19m in diameter and 0.8m high. The surrounding ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived is preserved as a buried feature measuring approximately 3m wide.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: DV 520
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:- 35160
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing