Defensive enclosure at Castle Hill

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1004256
Date first listed:
05-Jan-1973
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Defensive enclosure at Castle Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
District:
Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
St. Goran
National Grid Reference:
SX0004543740

Reasons for Designation

The exact date and function of the enclosure at Castle Hill is unclear, but it does have a long documentary history and earliest suggestions included a possible round or other form of defensive site such as an Iron Age defended settlement or a small, slight univallate hillfort. Its early place name of 'Castle Hill' suggests some form of defensive earthwork, possibly of prehistoric date. The enclosure will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, function, date, territorial significance, social organisation, strategic importance, possible domestic arrangements, agricultural practices and overall landscape context.

Details

The monument includes a defensive enclosure, situated at the summit of Castle Hill, overlooking the valleys of the confluence of three rivers leading to Portmellon. The enclosure survives as a roughly-rectangular enclosed area, defined by a slight scarp and a small stretch of bank with a buried outer ditch. Other features, structures and deposits are preserved as buried features.

The enclosure occupies a commanding position and was first recorded in the 16th century by Leland when it was known as 'Castle Hill'. McLauchlan surveyed it and found it to be right-angled in shape and not circular as other earlier writers had suggested. Henderson in the 1920's recorded it in similar condition to its current state.

The exact date of the enclosure is unclear.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-431118

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
CO 836
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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