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Defensive enclosure at Castle Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Defensive enclosure at Castle Hill

List entry Number: 1004256

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Goran

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 05-Jan-1973

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 836

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The exact date and function of the enclosure at Castle Hill is unclear, but it does have a long documentary history and earliest suggestions included a possible round or other form of defensive site such as an Iron Age defended settlement or a small, slight univallate hillfort. Its early place name of 'Castle Hill' suggests some form of defensive earthwork, possibly of prehistoric date. The enclosure will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, function, date, territorial significance, social organisation, strategic importance, possible domestic arrangements, agricultural practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a defensive enclosure, situated at the summit of Castle Hill, overlooking the valleys of the confluence of three rivers leading to Portmellon. The enclosure survives as a roughly-rectangular enclosed area, defined by a slight scarp and a small stretch of bank with a buried outer ditch. Other features, structures and deposits are preserved as buried features.

The enclosure occupies a commanding position and was first recorded in the 16th century by Leland when it was known as 'Castle Hill'. McLauchlan surveyed it and found it to be right-angled in shape and not circular as other earlier writers had suggested. Henderson in the 1920's recorded it in similar condition to its current state.

The exact date of the enclosure is unclear.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-431118

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SX0004543740

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1004256 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2017 at 11:09:21.

End of official listing