Bowl barrow 180m north of the Merry Maidens Stone Circle

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004358

Date first listed: 13-Jan-1970

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 180m north of the Merry Maidens Stone Circle
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Buryan

National Grid Reference: SW 43270 24688

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation, the bowl barrow 180m north of the Merry Maidens Stone Circle survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices, relationships with other closely associated monuments and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on the summit of a ridge, overlooking the Lamorna Valley. The barrow survives as a circular mound of up to 18m in diameter and 1.6m high with its surrounding quarry ditch, from which the material to construct the mound was derived, being preserved as a buried feature. An early excavation trench curves across the barrow and a retaining wall which once formed part of a field boundary is still visible to the south, although the rest of this field boundary was removed by 1962. The barrow was first recorded by Borlase in 1872 who stated that an urn was found in the barrow and sent to the then Lord Falmouth. Other archaeological remains in the vicinity are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources:

PastScape Monument No:-422964

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 669

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing