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Slatepits Copse long barrow, 1km SE of High Lodge in Wychwood Forest

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Slatepits Copse long barrow, 1km SE of High Lodge in Wychwood Forest

List entry Number: 1011217

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cornbury and Wychwood

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Oct-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21769

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Despite having been partially disturbed by excavation, the long barrow 1km south-east of High Lodge survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a chambered long barrow situated 1km south-east of High Lodge in Wychwood Forest. The barrow is orientated east-west and occupies a false crest, part way down a steep south-facing slope which looks across a narrow valley. It is located 400m south-west of the Churchill Copse long barrow. Despite having suffered some disturbance, the barrow survives as an earthwork 27.6m long and up to 2m high; it is 19m across at its eastern end and 14m wide at its western end. The eastern facade, which forms the front of the barrow, has at its centre a 1.5m wide stone-lined passage leading c.4m into the mound. Although the roof of this passage is no longer present and the rear wall has collapsed forward, some of the monolithic slabs used to construct the passage remain in place. These measure up to 3m across and 0.3m thick. Beyond this passage is a disturbed area c.2m across and 0.3m deep which appears to represent either collapse of the passage roof or partial excavation of the mound. A further area of subsidence 2.3m wide runs south from this disturbance to the edge of the mound and appears to be a back-filled excavation trench. Parallel to the mound and c.6.6m out from either edge are two flanking quarry ditches from which material was obtained during the construction of the mound. These have become largely infilled over the years although the southern ditch is visible as a shallow depression c.6.6m wide and 28m long. The northern ditch survives as a buried feature. To the east of the barrow mound is a level area 5.4m wide which represents the forecourt where the dead were brought prior to burial. This area appears as a level platform, its eastern edge marked by a return to the natural slope of the hill.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
REF:O.G.S CRAWFORD 1922 as does AM107, C.A.O., Slatepits Copse Long Barrow,
Title: Ordnance Survey 6" Source Date: 1930 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SP 32902 16515

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011217 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2017 at 07:24:59.

End of official listing