Boundary and wayside cross known as Catshaw Cross


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011759

Date first listed: 01-May-1995


Ordnance survey map of Boundary and wayside cross known as Catshaw Cross
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Jan-2019 at 09:20:14.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Barnsley (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Dunford

District: Barnsley (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Penistone

National Grid Reference: SE 20611 03489


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Though possibly missing its original shaft, Catshaw Cross is a good and reasonably well preserved example of a boundary cross which also served as a waymarker. Its importance is enhanced through its being in its original location.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument is a wayside and boundary cross located on the south side of Lee Lane 25m west of its junction with Catshaw Lane. It includes the shaft and socket stone of the cross which are currently incorporated into a drystone field wall. The socket stone or socle is a 65cm square gritstone block with a visible height of c.20cm. The top half has chamfered corners which make it octagonal though the bottom half is square. The shaft is a rectangular section gritstone post with chamfered corners and a bevelled top. It measures approximately 20cm by 25cm by 1m high and appears to be complete though leaning. Inscribed in the north face is a series of numbers which may be a date. The last number is indecipherable but the first three read 185. This may relate to a 19th century survey or may, alternatively, be the date of the shaft itself since it is not clear whether the two components of the cross are contemporary. The cross, which is Listed Grade II, stands on the parish boundary between Penistone and Dunford and also waymarks the road from Penistone to Holmfirth. Its precise date is not known but the socle at least is likely to be medieval or early post-medieval. The post and wire fence passing through the area of the scheduling is excluded from the scheduling though the ground underneath is included. The drystone wall is not excluded from the scheduling because works to it will affect the cross.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 23393

Legacy System: RSM


Hill, Angela Shackleton, (1994)
PI 333,

End of official listing