Two bowl barrows 400m south of Summer Down Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012518

Date first listed: 10-Mar-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 26-Apr-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 400m south of Summer Down Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Collingbourne Kingston

National Grid Reference: SU 21220 54918

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The monument survives comparatively well and, with no evidence for formal excavation, the site has considerable archaeological potential.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows, aligned north-south and separated by a distance of c.15m. The monument is set on a gentle south-facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Bourne. The northern mound is c.0.75m high and 20m in diameter. The southern mound is 0.5m high and has a diameter of 15m. Both mounds are surrounded by ditches c.3m wide, no longer visible at ground level but which survive as buried features.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12167

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing