Bowl barrow forming part of a linear round barrow cemetery on Allington Down


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012987

Date first listed: 03-Jan-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 21-Aug-1995


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow forming part of a linear round barrow cemetery on Allington Down
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Allcannings

National Grid Reference: SU 09365 66185

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

This barrow survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental remains relating to its construction and the landscape in which the cemetery was built.


The monument includes an upstanding bowl barrow, forming part of a Bronze Age linear round barrow cemetery containing six barrows in all, situated on Allington Down. The barrow mound measures 20m in diameter and stands up to 1m high. Surrounding the mound, but no longer visible at ground level, is a 3m wide quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This has become infilled due to cultivation but will survive buried below the modern ploughsoil. Middle Bronze Age and Late Bronze Age pottery sherds have been found in the mound, in association with burnt bone. This is believed to be part of an original cremation burial. The barrow lies immediately east of an ancient boundary which forms a public right of way.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21877

Legacy System: RSM


SU06NE 622, CAO, BOWL BARROW, (1984)
Title: Devizes and Marlborough Source Date: 1987 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Pathfinder 1185
Title: Ordnance Survey 6" Series Source Date: 1929 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 6"

End of official listing