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Long Barrow 350m south-east of Nutbane

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long Barrow 350m south-east of Nutbane

List entry Number: 1013202

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Penton Grafton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-May-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Oct-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12098

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. This monument has been partially excavated and is regarded as a classic example of a multi-phase burial monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow set along a gentle SE facing slope and situated in an arable field. The barrow mound is orientated ENE-WSW and tapers in plan with the broader end to the ENE where it survives to a maximum height of 0.75m. The mound is 51m long and 22.5m wide at the east end and 7.5m wide at the west end. Flanking quarry ditches run parallel to the north and south sides of the mound separated by berms 8-12m wide. The ditches are 62m long and have an average width of 5m. The site was partially excavated in 1957 and revealed burials and the evidence for the former existence of two free standing mortuary structures, each showing more than one construction phase. A date of c.3500BC was obtained for one of the later construction phases.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979), 48-9
Morgan, F de M, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in The Excavation of a Long Barrow at Nutbane, Hants, , Vol. 25, (1959), 15-51

National Grid Reference: SU 33119 49499

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1013202 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Apr-2018 at 09:46:43.

End of official listing