Long Barrow 350m south-east of Nutbane

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013202

Date first listed: 23-May-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Oct-1990

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long Barrow 350m south-east of Nutbane
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley (District Authority)

Parish: Penton Grafton

National Grid Reference: SU 33119 49499

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. This monument has been partially excavated and is regarded as a classic example of a multi-phase burial monument.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow set along a gentle SE facing slope and situated in an arable field. The barrow mound is orientated ENE-WSW and tapers in plan with the broader end to the ENE where it survives to a maximum height of 0.75m. The mound is 51m long and 22.5m wide at the east end and 7.5m wide at the west end. Flanking quarry ditches run parallel to the north and south sides of the mound separated by berms 8-12m wide. The ditches are 62m long and have an average width of 5m. The site was partially excavated in 1957 and revealed burials and the evidence for the former existence of two free standing mortuary structures, each showing more than one construction phase. A date of c.3500BC was obtained for one of the later construction phases.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12098

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979), 48-9
Morgan, F de M, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in The Excavation of a Long Barrow at Nutbane, Hants, , Vol. 25, (1959), 15-51

End of official listing