Bowl barrow 380m north west of Hyford Cottage

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015895

Date first listed: 27-Feb-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Apr-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 380m north west of Hyford Cottage
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: Purbeck (District Authority)

Parish: Wool

National Grid Reference: SY 81366 87748

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance by military activities, the bowl barrow 380m north west of Hyford Cottage survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a knoll overlooking the Frome Valley to the north. The barrow is one of a pair recorded in the area. The barrow has a mound composed of gravel, sand and turf with maximum dimensions of 18m in diameter and c.1.5m in height. The upper part of the mound has a number of trenches cut into it which are military in origin. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditch is visible as a depression 2m wide to the north and south; elsewhere it has become infilled, but will survive as a buried feature. Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field boundaries, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28340

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Mention military features, RCHME, National Monuments Record,

End of official listing