Defensive platform 240m north west of Gannets' Rock, Lundy

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016037

Date first listed: 10-Jun-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Defensive platform 240m north west of Gannets' Rock, Lundy
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SS 13584 47774

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s.

Around Lundy's coast, and situated both in cliff top and shoreline positions, is a series of structures designed to defend the island. These varied in form and scale from the stronghold now known as Marisco Castle, to the smaller and more ephemeral gun platforms built to support musketeers. That these positions were principally for the purpose of preventing a landing is supported by their location above and around the more vulnerable bays and beaches, such as the Landing Bay and Jenny's Cove. Although the precise dating and function is unclear, it is likely that some will date to the time of the Civil War, while others may relate to coastal piracy which was prevalent in the Bristol Channel between the 15th and 18th centuries. The battery platform north west of Gannets' Rock is well preserved despite some natural erosion. It is one of a number of such gunnery points around the coast of the island.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small defensive platform on the side of the cliff to the north west of Gannets' Rock. The platform is situated 20m above the sea on the side of the cliff and is not easily accessible. It has the form of a natural rock shelf about 6m square revetted on the seaward side by a drystone wall of which only the footings survive.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27647

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Thackray, C, The National Trust Archaeological Survey, (1989)

End of official listing