Two stone hut circles 850m WSW of the confluence of Gallaven Brook and Walla Brook, 1045m north east of the Thirlstone

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1019267
Date first listed:
24-Jan-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two stone hut circles 850m WSW of the confluence of Gallaven Brook and Walla Brook, 1045m north east of the Thirlstone
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Devon
District:
West Devon (District Authority)
Parish:
Gidleigh
National Park:
DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference:
SX 63918 87126

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles 850m WSW of the confluence of Gallaven Brook and Walla Brook,1045m north east of the Thirlstone survive well and form part of a group of at least six similar settlements overlooking a substantial natural basin formed by the North Teign River, the Gallaven Brook and Walla Brook. Together, this group of settlements represent an important insight into this particular form of relatively rare prehistoric settlement.

Details

The monument includes two stone hut circles situated on a gentle east facing slope overlooking the valley of the North Teign River. The northern stone hut circle survives as a 1.7m wide and 0.45m high rubble bank surrounding a circular internal area measuring 3.7m in diameter. A SSE facing gap in the bank may represent a doorway. The interior of the southern hut measures 4.2m in diameter and its rubble wall is 1.7m wide and up to 0.5m high. A south east facing gap denoted by a leaning orthostat represents an original doorway.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
28763
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
MPP Fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1999)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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