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Two stone hut circles 850m WSW of the confluence of Gallaven Brook and Walla Brook, 1045m north east of the Thirlstone

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two stone hut circles 850m WSW of the confluence of Gallaven Brook and Walla Brook, 1045m north east of the Thirlstone

List entry Number: 1019267

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Gidleigh

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Jan-2001

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28763

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles 850m WSW of the confluence of Gallaven Brook and Walla Brook,1045m north east of the Thirlstone survive well and form part of a group of at least six similar settlements overlooking a substantial natural basin formed by the North Teign River, the Gallaven Brook and Walla Brook. Together, this group of settlements represent an important insight into this particular form of relatively rare prehistoric settlement.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two stone hut circles situated on a gentle east facing slope overlooking the valley of the North Teign River. The northern stone hut circle survives as a 1.7m wide and 0.45m high rubble bank surrounding a circular internal area measuring 3.7m in diameter. A SSE facing gap in the bank may represent a doorway. The interior of the southern hut measures 4.2m in diameter and its rubble wall is 1.7m wide and up to 0.5m high. A south east facing gap denoted by a leaning orthostat represents an original doorway.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
MPP Fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1999)

National Grid Reference: SX 63918 87126

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019267 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 04:50:00.

End of official listing