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Moated site, prospect mound and fishponds adjacent to Isle Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site, prospect mound and fishponds adjacent to Isle Farm

List entry Number: 1019301

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Bicton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Jul-2000

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33816

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site adjacent to Isle Farm is a well-preserved example of this class of monument. The moated island will retain buried evidence of the buildings that once stood on the site, which together with the associated artefacts and organic remains, will provide valuable evidence about the occupation and social status of the inhabitants. Organic remains surviving in the buried ground surface under the raised interior and under the internal bank, and within the moat, will provide information about the changes to the local environment and the use of the land before and after the moated site was constructed. Fishponds were constructed throughout the medieval period with many dating to the 12th century. The direct association of the moated site with these ponds provides further evidence about the economy and lifestyle of the occupants of the site during the medieval period. The importance of the site is further enhanced by its association with the nearby chapel and the detailed documentary references concerning ownership. The construction of the prospect mound within the moated site also provides valuable evidence about the use of the site during the post-medieval period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated site, a prospect mound and fishponds to the south east of Isle Farm. The moated site is considered to be the manorial centre of Rossall, which was held by Vivian de Rossall (Rosshall) in the early 13th century. The manor was held by the Rossalls until the early 15th century, when it passed to the Englefield family. A survey of the manor by John Lovell for Francis Englefield in 1587 records that the moated manor site was used as an orchard by this date and that no buildings remained standing. This survey also notes the presence of a former chapel in Chapel Field to the south of the moated site. Documentary sources list the incumbents from the 13th century until the 15th century. It has been alleged that the chapel was burnt down during the Reformation. Its position is approximately marked on the earliest large scale Ordnance Survey map of 1881 as being adjacent to the south west corner of the moated site. There are no visible indications of this building since the area has been heavily disturbed by tree planting. The chapel site is not therefore included in the scheduling as its exact location and form are not known. The moated site was built on western side of the neck of a large meander of the River Severn. It is situated on level ground next to the very steep slope cut by the river. The rectangular moated island, which measures approximately 60m north-south and 70m east-west, is defined on its western side by the steep slope and on the other sides by a moat, now dry, consisting of three arms between 9m and 15m wide. Water within the moat would have been held by dams constructed at the western ends of the north and south arms. Of these two dams the one crossing the northern arm is still visible as an earthwork. Material excavated from the moat has been used to raise the surface of the island by about 0.5m above the level of the surrounding ground. Material from the moat has also been deposited along the inner edge of the northern moat arm creating a bank about 10m wide and up to 1m high. Access onto the island was by means of a causeway, 3m wide, which crosses the eastern arm. In 1959 the moat was partially recut and the remains of a curtain or retaining wall was found. Dressed sandstone blocks, some of which are moulded, found at this time have been deposited next to the western end of the internal bank. In the south eastern corner of the moated island there is a circular earthen mound, 1.5m high. It is approximately 12m in diameter at its base and has a flat top, 6m across. Stone steps have been inserted into the southern part of the mound. It is shown on an early 18th century estate map and is considered to be a prospect mound on which a summerhouse was built. This feature is probably contemporary with the nearby house known as The Isle, a late 17th century structure that was substantially altered in the mid-18th century. To the east of the moated site are the remains of three fishponds. Two are long and narrow and are at right angles to one another. The third is subrectangular and lies opposite the other two. On the early 18th century estate map all three are shown as water-filled. The elongated pond to the south still contains water, the others have been drained and are largely infilled. The size and relationship of these ponds suggest that they were used for the breeding and storing of fish to provide a sustainable supply of food. The fishponds are included in the scheduling in order to preserve the relationship between them and the moated site. All fences, associated gates and stiles, plus the timber bridge across the western end of the southern moat arm are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Blakeway, J B, 'History of Shrewsbury Hundred or Liberties' in The Isle, Anciently Up Rossall, (1897), 393-407
Sandford, G, 'Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological Society' in The Rossalls of Rossall in the Parish of St Chad, Shrewsbury, , Vol. 4, (1881), 89-95
Other
Title: A Map of The Isle of Up-Rossal Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Owned by Mr and Mrs Sandford

National Grid Reference: SJ 45772 16710

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019301 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 07:36:45.

End of official listing