Round cairn 480m south west of Higher White Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020240

Date first listed: 13-Aug-1973

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Feb-2002

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 480m south west of Higher White Tor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 61631 78254

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

The round cairn 480m south west of Higher White Tor survives well and is situated in a particularly prominent location at a considerable altitude. Archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was erected will survive. Funerary mounds composed almost entirely of turf are considered to be rare on Dartmoor and all known examples are therefore worthy of protection.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn situated on a prominent ridge between Higher White Tor and Longaford Tor, commanding extensive views over large tracts of Dartmoor. The round cairn survives as a 28m diameter flat-topped mound standing up to 1.4m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34435

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX67NW84, (1994)

End of official listing