Old Park Farm moated site


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020371

Date first listed: 18-Jul-2000


Ordnance survey map of Old Park Farm moated site
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2018 at 02:43:03.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Stockton

National Grid Reference: SJ 71408 00581


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Old Park Farm moated site is a well-preserved example of this class of monument, despite some disturbance to parts of the moat. Subcircular moated sites are relatively uncommon nationally and such sites are thought to date to the early medieval period. The moated island will retain buried structural and artefactual evidence of former buildings, which together with the artefacts and organic remains existing in the moat will provide valuable information about the occupation and social status of the inhabitants of the site. Organic remains surviving in the buried ground surface under the raised interior and within the moat will also provide information about the changes to the local environment and the use of the land before and after the moated site was constructed.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated site occupying a slighty elevated position in an area of gently undulating land close to the top of the steep east valley side of the River Severn. It lies within Oldpark, a former deer park, noted on Rocque's map of Shropshire, published in 1752.

The moat, which is between 8m and 12m wide, defines an oval island approximately 80m north west - south east by 96m south west - north east. Material excavated from the moat has been used to raise the western part of the island up to 0.5m above the level of the surrounding ground. Spoil dug from the moat has also been used to create an internal bank, up to 7m wide and standing 0.5m high, around the south western and southern sides of the island.

The moat is now essentially dry, except for the two ponds created within the eastern and northern parts of the circuit. A further former pond within the northern portion of the moat has been infilled. The outer side of the southern part of the moat has modified by ploughing and by a trackway, which is no longer in use. This former trackway is not included in the scheduling. Access onto the island is currently via a causeway that crosses the north western section of the moat. The remains of a second causeway, associated with a former track, crosses the north eastern part of the moat. The centre of the island is occupied by a house, which is partly timber-framed. To the west of the house there are a series of slight undulations, some of which may relate to the positions of former buildings.

A number of features are excluded from the scheduling, these are; the house and associated outbuildings, the driveway and paved areas, all ornamental garden features, the oil storage container, all fences, gates and modern brick walls, the sheep pens and associated water tank, animal feed and drinking troughs, concrete drain covers, and the telegragh poles; the ground beneath all these features is, however, included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 33817

Legacy System: RSM


Title: Map of Shropshire Source Date: 1752 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing