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Old Park Farm moated site

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Old Park Farm moated site

List entry Number: 1020371

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Stockton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Jul-2000

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 33817

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Old Park Farm moated site is a well-preserved example of this class of monument, despite some disturbance to parts of the moat. Subcircular moated sites are relatively uncommon nationally and such sites are thought to date to the early medieval period. The moated island will retain buried structural and artefactual evidence of former buildings, which together with the artefacts and organic remains existing in the moat will provide valuable information about the occupation and social status of the inhabitants of the site. Organic remains surviving in the buried ground surface under the raised interior and within the moat will also provide information about the changes to the local environment and the use of the land before and after the moated site was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated site occupying a slighty elevated position in an area of gently undulating land close to the top of the steep east valley side of the River Severn. It lies within Oldpark, a former deer park, noted on Rocque's map of Shropshire, published in 1752.

The moat, which is between 8m and 12m wide, defines an oval island approximately 80m north west - south east by 96m south west - north east. Material excavated from the moat has been used to raise the western part of the island up to 0.5m above the level of the surrounding ground. Spoil dug from the moat has also been used to create an internal bank, up to 7m wide and standing 0.5m high, around the south western and southern sides of the island.

The moat is now essentially dry, except for the two ponds created within the eastern and northern parts of the circuit. A further former pond within the northern portion of the moat has been infilled. The outer side of the southern part of the moat has modified by ploughing and by a trackway, which is no longer in use. This former trackway is not included in the scheduling. Access onto the island is currently via a causeway that crosses the north western section of the moat. The remains of a second causeway, associated with a former track, crosses the north eastern part of the moat. The centre of the island is occupied by a house, which is partly timber-framed. To the west of the house there are a series of slight undulations, some of which may relate to the positions of former buildings.

A number of features are excluded from the scheduling, these are; the house and associated outbuildings, the driveway and paved areas, all ornamental garden features, the oil storage container, all fences, gates and modern brick walls, the sheep pens and associated water tank, animal feed and drinking troughs, concrete drain covers, and the telegragh poles; the ground beneath all these features is, however, included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Title: Map of Shropshire Source Date: 1752 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SJ 71408 00581

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1020371 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 07:29:26.

End of official listing