Round cairn 280m south east of High Scamridge Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1020753

Date first listed: 01-Nov-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Jul-2002

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 280m south east of High Scamridge Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Ebberston and Yedingham

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 89786 87457

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round cairn 280m south east of High Scamridge Farm has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the cairn and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the mound. The cairn lies in an area where there are many other burial monuments, as well as a concentration of prehistoric land boundaries. The relationships between these monuments are important for understanding the division and use of the landscape for social, ritual and agricultural purposes during the later prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn which is situated in a prominent position towards the top of a north east facing slope overlooking the head of Troutsdale, on the central plateau of the Tabular Hills.

The cairn has a stony mound which stands up to 1m high. Formerly the mound had a diameter of 18m, but forestry ploughing has clipped the southern edge so that now it has a maximum diameter of 16m. Partial excavation in the past has left a hollow in the centre of the mound. The cairn lies in an area where there are many other burial monuments as well as the remains of prehistoric land division.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 35435

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Northern Archaeological Associates, , North York Moors Forest Survey Phase Two, (1996)
Other
Craster, OE, AM7, (1972)

End of official listing