Stonehenge World Heritage Site Landscape Project: Earthworks at Lake and West Amesbury

Author(s): Mark Bowden

Two sets of medieval and early post-medieval earthworks on the southern boundary of the Stonehenge World Heritage Site, at Lake and West Amesbury, were investigated by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England in 1986. This report, based on the original archive accounts with some additions resulting from subsequent research, has been prepared as part of English Heritage’s Stonehenge WHS Landscape Project. The earthworks at Lake are located in Lake Bottom on the west bank of the River Avon, to the south-west of the existing settlement. They represent at least three phases of village settlement, originally a double row along the combe bottom. These remains are associated with – and in some cases overlie – earlier fields and have themselves been subsequently damaged by landscaping; depopulation of this part of the village may be associated with the gentrification of the landscape in the 17th century. There are also four prehistoric barrows. The medieval and post-medieval earthworks at West Amesbury represent the remains of a small number of properties arranged along the valley floor between the River Avon and the modern road. At the centre of the site these are overlain by garden features associated with West Amesbury House.

Report Number:
Research Department Reports
Bronze Age Landscape Park Medieval Prehistoric Survey Analytical Landscape Survey


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