Battle of Lansdown (Hill) 1643

Overview

Heritage Category: Battlefield

List Entry Number: 1000017

Date first listed: 06-Jun-1995

Location Description: LANSDOWN HILL

Map

Ordnance survey map of Battle of Lansdown (Hill) 1643
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Location

Location Description: LANSDOWN HILL

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Bath and North East Somerset (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Charlcombe

District: Bath and North East Somerset (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Stoke

District: South Gloucestershire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bitton

District: South Gloucestershire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Cold Ashton

District: South Gloucestershire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Doynton

National Grid Reference: ST7238771213

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BATTLE OF LANSDOWN HILL 1643



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

If the Royalists were to mount a combined attack on London, Parliamentary strength in the West had to be broken. Bath was the Parliamentary rallying point, and Lansdown Hill was the key strategic height for an attack on Bath. It was held by Parliament.

Early on 5 July the Royalists advanced on Lansdown from the north, skirmishing continuously with the Parliamentary cavalry. In the early afternoon, the Royalists stormed back to a second line of defence. Stalemate followed, neither side having the strength to finish off the other. The Parliamentarians withdrew under cover of darkness to fight another day. Bath had not fallen.

The landscape of 1643 had much in common with that of today. The plateau top was sheep pasture with arable land in less exposed areas and the steep slopes were wooded.

AMENITY FEATURES As well as being an attractive landscape, the battlefield has a wide variety of historic features dating from the battle and earlier. A memorial was erected to the Royalist Sir Bevil Grenville on the crest of the hill. The stone wall on the plateau is likely to have been a feature of the battlefield in 1643.

Two key viewpoints are publicly accessible and a complete circuit can be achieved from public highways and footpaths.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS A number of designations apply to the battlefield. The whole area lies within the Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty as well as being Green Belt. Congrove Field and the Tumps is an Area of Special Scientific Interest. An area west of the Bath-Lansdown road is a Site of Nature Conservation Importance.

There are three Scheduled Ancient Monuments within the battlefield area and two other Sites of Archaeological Interest. The battlefield lies within a Priority Historic Landscape Area.

KEY SOURCES Anon, 1643, 'A true relation of the great and glorious victory, through God's providence, obtained by Sir William Waller', Thomason Tracts E.60 Chadwyck Healy, C E H (ed.), 1902, Bellum Civile

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 18

Legacy System: Battlefields

Sources

Websites
Historic England Battlefield Report, accessed 11-JUN-2015 from https://content.HistoricEngland.org.uk/content/docs/battlefields/lansdown.pdf

End of official listing