Battle of Lansdown (Hill) 1643


Heritage Category:
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Location Description:


Ordnance survey map of Battle of Lansdown (Hill) 1643
© Crown Copyright and database right 2020. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2020. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1000017.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 25-Feb-2020 at 23:13:49.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Bath and North East Somerset (Unitary Authority)
Bath and North East Somerset (Unitary Authority)
North Stoke
South Gloucestershire (Unitary Authority)
South Gloucestershire (Unitary Authority)
Cold Ashton
South Gloucestershire (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference:



The Civil Wars of the mid seventeenth century were a reflection of profound political, constitutional, religious and social conflict which was expressed in a struggle for control between King and Parliament.

If the Royalists were to mount a combined attack on London, Parliamentary strength in the West had to be broken. Bath was the Parliamentary rallying point, and Lansdown Hill was the key strategic height for an attack on Bath. It was held by Parliament.

Early on 5 July the Royalists advanced on Lansdown from the north, skirmishing continuously with the Parliamentary cavalry. In the early afternoon, the Royalists stormed back to a second line of defence. Stalemate followed, neither side having the strength to finish off the other. The Parliamentarians withdrew under cover of darkness to fight another day. Bath had not fallen.

The landscape of 1643 had much in common with that of today. The plateau top was sheep pasture with arable land in less exposed areas and the steep slopes were wooded.

AMENITY FEATURES As well as being an attractive landscape, the battlefield has a wide variety of historic features dating from the battle and earlier. A memorial was erected to the Royalist Sir Bevil Grenville on the crest of the hill. The stone wall on the plateau is likely to have been a feature of the battlefield in 1643.

Two key viewpoints are publicly accessible and a complete circuit can be achieved from public highways and footpaths.

OTHER DESIGNATIONS A number of designations apply to the battlefield. The whole area lies within the Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty as well as being Green Belt. Congrove Field and the Tumps is an Area of Special Scientific Interest. An area west of the Bath-Lansdown road is a Site of Nature Conservation Importance.

There are three Scheduled Ancient Monuments within the battlefield area and two other Sites of Archaeological Interest. The battlefield lies within a Priority Historic Landscape Area.

KEY SOURCES Anon, 1643, 'A true relation of the great and glorious victory, through God's providence, obtained by Sir William Waller', Thomason Tracts E.60 Chadwyck Healy, C E H (ed.), 1902, Bellum Civile

This list entry was subject to a Minor Amendment to the Selected Sources on 10/04/2019


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


English Heritage Battlefield Report: Battle of Lansdown (Hill) 1643 (Published 1995), accessed 10th April 2019 from


This battlefield is registered within the Register of Historic Battlefields by Historic England for its special historic interest.

End of official listing

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].