List Entry Summary
This site is designated under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973 as it is or may prove to be the site of a vessel lying wrecked on or in the sea bed and, on account of the historical, archaeological or artistic importance of the vessel, or of any objects contained or formerly contained in it which may be lying on the sea bed in or near the wreck, it ought to be protected from unauthorised interference. Protected wreck sites are designated by Statutory Instrument. The following information has been extracted from the relevant Statutory Instrument.
Name: RILL COVE
List Entry Number: 1000046
Rill Cove, Cornwall.
The site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
National Grid Reference: SW 67750 13450
Date first designated: 13-Feb-1976
Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.
Legacy System Information
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System: AMIE - Wrecks
This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.
List entry Description
Information provided under the Statutory Instrument heading below forms part of the official record of a protected wreck site. Information provided under other headings does not form part of the official record of the designation. It has been compiled by Historic England to aid understanding of the protected wreck site.
Summary of Site
Remains of wreck of cargo vessel thought to be that of a Spanish cargo vessel, which foundered off Rill Cove, apparently in the early seventeenth century or later. The wreck was dated from Spanish coins of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, found in association with the site.
Reason for Designation
The site was found in 1969, by divers investigating a modern wreck near Kynance Cove who observed iron cannon and other wreck material on the seabed. Preliminary research and investigation of the site resulted in the wrecks designation in 1976. The site, lying in 9m of water, has been excavated intermittently since its discovery, due to fluctuating sand levels on site. A 'banded' breech-loading gun, and over 300 sixteenth-century coins have been recovered from the site. The finds recovered include silver coins of Spanish type, of Philip II or III comprising two datable groups; 1555-98 and 1598-1603/5. The name of the vessel is not known but a tentative date for the site has been given as 1616.
Designation Order: (No 1), No 203, 1976
Made: 13th February 1976
Laid before Parliament: 23rd February 1976
Coming into force: 15th March 1976
Protected area: 100 metres within NGR 67751345 on the 6-inch to 1 mile OS Map, sheet SW 61 SE
No part of the restricted area lies above the high-water mark of ordinary spring tides.
Documentary History: The site was found after the loss of the FV Kerris Reed in September 1969 by a party of visiting divers who recovered some material including coins. Since designation, an iron gun, other artefacts and more coins have been found. (5)
The recovered artefacts suggest that these are from the remains of an early seventeenth century vessel, possibly Spanish. Documentary evidence for an unidentified wreck known to have been lost in this area and about this time appears to exist but further details have not been forthcoming since this was first announced.
Archaeological History: Lying in approximately 9 metres of water, the wreckage and artefacts are confined to a relatively small area and are periodically covered by mobile sand. The lowering of sediment levels in the past has revealed archaeological material in rock gullies and it is thought that the wreckage and artefacts are confined to a relatively small area.
A report from 1995 contained a finds catalogue stated at the time to be a complete list, but no subsequent recoveries have been confirmed, and there is confusion over the number and whereabouts of the silver coins recovered. It is thought that a wrought iron swivel gun from the site is displayed in the Charlestown Shipwreck and Heritage Centre, and other finds may also be displayed in Porthleven.
Books and journals
'International Journal of Nautical Archaeology' in International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, , Vol. 6, (), 163-166
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End of official listing