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Huts and fields on Penn Moor near Broadall Lake

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Huts and fields on Penn Moor near Broadall Lake

List entry Number: 1002498

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cornwood

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Oct-1954

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DV 339

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

An agglomerated enclosed settlement between Penn Moor and High House Waste.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation; it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Despite partial robbing for building stone the agglomerated enclosed settlement between Penn Moor and High House Waste survives comparatively well within an area containing a large number of broadly contemporary settlements. The agglomerated form of the settlement clearly illustrates chronological development and archaeological and environmental information relating to this will survive.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 5 November 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes an agglomerated enclosed settlement with at least nine stone hut circles situated on an east facing slope overlooking the valley of Broadall Lake. The agglomerated enclosure includes at least five irregular shaped enclosed areas, each defined by stone walling up to 3m wide and 0.7m high. Some of the walls have been overlain by a later historic newtake wall. The stone hut circles survive as circular structures with internal diameters varying between 3m and 8.5m. Some of the huts are attached to the enclosure walling whilst the earlier ones are butted by it.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, Volume Three - The South-West , (1994), 179-80
Other
PastScape:- 442295

National Grid Reference: SX 61039 63112

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002498 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 10:16:13.

End of official listing