Defended settlement, 400m south west of Nesbit


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002918

Date first listed: 05-Oct-1979

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Ordnance survey map of Defended settlement, 400m south west of Nesbit
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002918 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 10-Dec-2018 at 10:30:12.


Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Doddington

National Grid Reference: NT 98056 33369


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the earlier Iron Age (seventh to fifth centuries BC) a variety of different types of defensive settlements began to be constructed and occupied in the northern uplands of England. The most obvious sites were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a range of smaller sites, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha and defined as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others are found in less prominent positions. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction, some sites having a single bank and ditch (univallate), others having more than one (multivallate). At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Within the enclosure a number of stone or timber-built round houses were occupied by the inhabitants. Stock may also have been kept in these houses, especially during the cold winter months, or in enclosed yards outside them. The communities occupying these sites were probably single family groups, the defended settlements being used as farmsteads. Construction and use of this type of site extended over several centuries, possibly through to the early Romano-British period (mid to late first century AD). Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern of the northern uplands and are important for any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are believed to be of national importance. Despite the fact that it has been subject to cultivation, the defended settlement south west of Nesbit retains significant archaeological deposits which will survive within below ground features such as ditches and any internal features such as pits. The monument provides insight into its construction use and abandonment and more widely into the character of settlement and subsistence during the Iron Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the buried remains of an Iron Age multivallate defended settlement situated near the crest of a low spur overlooking the floodplain of the River Till to the south west. The sub-circular enclosure, which is visible on aerial photographs as a cropmark, is surrounded by three, and in places four, roughly concentric ditches that are interrupted by entrances on the north west and east sides. On the west side of the enclosure the third most outer ditch bulges outwards to create an annexe, with an area of 0.25ha., which is strengthened by the addition of a fourth ditch. Overall the monument covers an area of about 1ha. The metalled surface of the track which crosses the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 3814 NMR:- NT93SE23 Northumberland HER:- 2151


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: ND 623

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing