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A holed stone known as 'The Tolvan Stone' at Tolvan Cross

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: A holed stone known as 'The Tolvan Stone' at Tolvan Cross

List entry Number: 1006754

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Gweek

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Aug-1923

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 14

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Holed stones are both unusual and rare objects, thought to have originally formed part of the entrance passages to megalithic portal dolmens providing access to the burial chamber within a mound. The chamber itself would also originally have been stone built and such structures are thought to date to the Early and Middle Neolithic period (3500 - 2600 BC), although many were re-used in later periods. Only approximately 20 portal dolmens are known nationally and these are concentrated in west Penwith, Cornwall. As a result they are extremely rare and ancient. Several holed stones are known from Cornwall. 'The Tolvan' at Tolvan Cross is the largest and, despite not being in its original location, it is still a rare and remarkable survival which gave its name to a whole local estate indicating the esteem in which it was held. The recorded local tradition for healing also adds to its interest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a holed stone known as The Tolvan Stone, situated on a ridge forming the watershed between the valleys of two tributaries to the Helford River. The holed stone survives as a slightly leaning earthfast triangular stone measuring approximately 2.3m high, 2.3m wide at the base and 0.3m thick. It is completely pierced by a circular hole of about 0.4m in diameter. When it was moved to its present location in a garden in 1847, it was 2.6m high and 2.7m wide but was cut to make some gateposts. Close to the original position of the stone, a 1.5m diameter stone-lined circular pit containing quartz stones and some pottery is said to have been found, along with a trough like stone called the 'Cradle' which has since been destroyed. The Tolvan derived from 'Tol- vean' meaning holed stone gave its name to the whole estate of Tolvean and is mentioned in a survey of 1649 referred to as the 'Main-toll great stone'. A local tradition recorded in 1885 indicated that sick children were passed through the hole in the stone in the hopes of curing their ailments. A nearby barrow is scheduled separately.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-427073

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SW 70626 27707

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2017 at 11:03:54.

End of official listing