Round cairn 285m south east of White Raise round cairn, Askham Fell

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1007375
Date first listed:
07-Aug-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn 285m south east of White Raise round cairn, Askham Fell
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 23-May-2019 at 16:11:29.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Cumbria
District:
Eden (District Authority)
Parish:
Askham
National Park:
LAKE DISTRICT
National Grid Reference:
NY 49141 22304

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite minor surface disturbance to the top of the monument, the round cairn 285m south east of White Raise round cairn survives reasonably well and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath. The cairn lies within an area of open fell rich in prehistoric monuments, and is situated upon an alignment of funerary monuments stretching for over 1.5km along the natural communication route over a col between Lowther and Ullswater valleys. It thus indicates the importance of this area in prehistoric times and the diversity of monument types to be found here. The monument will contribute to the study of the ceremonial function of cairns and other spatially associated monuments in the area.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on Askham Fell 285m south east of White Raise round cairn. It includes a slightly oval mound of partly turf-covered stones up to 0.3m high with maximum dimensions of 3.1m by 2.8m. There is a shallow central depression on the cairn's summit.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
22525
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 22
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 23-4

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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