Bowl barrow on Calstone Down, 500m south of Witch Plantation
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 21-Jan-2021 at 05:54:33.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 05935 68409
Reasons for Designation
A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial monuments in the
country. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with
most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally and around 320 in the Avebury area. This group of
monuments will provide important information on the development of this area
during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. All surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
Despite having been partially excavated in 1849, the bowl barrow 500m south of Witch Plantation survives well and is a good example of its class. It will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was built.
The monument includes a bowl barrow located on Calstone Down, 500m south of
Witch Plantation, on a south-facing slope overlooking Bishops Cannings Down.
The barrow mound has a diameter of 12m and stands up to 1m high. The top of
the mound on the north east side has been disturbed by partial excavation of
the site by Merewether in 1849. Finds included a primary crouched cremation
burial and a collared urn.
Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained
during its construction. This has become partly infilled over the years but
survives as an earthwork 3m wide and 0.4m deep.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
SU 06 NE 117, Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England, Tumulus north of the Roman road, (1973)
SU06NE693, CAO, Ditched bowl barrow, (1983)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing