The Mill Ball: a bowl barrow south of Bury Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008213

Date first listed: 30-Jan-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 31-Mar-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of The Mill Ball:  a bowl barrow south of Bury Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Arun (District Authority)

Parish: Houghton

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ 00182 11467

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some damage from ploughing, the bowl barrow south of Bury Hill survives as a substantial earthwork and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. The monument is unusual in that it was later re-used as a windmill mound.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a ridge of chalk downland. The barrow comprises a central mound 24m in diameter and 0.8m high, surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no longer visable having become infilled over the years and now survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The barrow was later re-used as the base of a windmill and sherds of Bronze Age, Roman and medieval pottery have been found on the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20109

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934)
Other
Ordnance Survey, TQ 01 SW 14, (1952)
Title: 1:2500 TQ00/11 Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing