Round cairn on Curbar Edge

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008598
Date first listed:
10-Mar-1955
Date of most recent amendment:
15-Aug-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn on Curbar Edge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Derbyshire
District:
Derbyshire Dales (District Authority)
Parish:
Baslow and Bubnell
National Park:
PEAK DISTRICT
National Grid Reference:
SK 25493 75596

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This particular cairn has been partially excavated revealing firm evidence of Bronze Age use. Although this activity has disturbed the centre of the monument, making the original height of the cairn difficult to assess, its perimeter is undisturbed and retains significant intact archaeological remains. Also of importance is the cairn's association with a relict Bronze Age field system.

Details

Curbar Edge is situated in the eastern gritstone moorlands of the Peak District, in an area commonly known as the East Moors. The monument is prominently located on the very edge of the cliff face overlooking the Derwent Valley to the west. It includes a sub-circular gritstone cairn, measuring 18.5m x 15m, retained by a kerb of gritstone boulders and constructed round a natural outcrop to increase its height and bulk. This was discovered when a partial excavation of the monument was carried out in 1913 by the then owner of the site, the Duke of Rutland, and his gamekeeper, E Peat. The excavation also revealed a possible gritstone cist containing the remains of a cremation associated with fragments of a pottery food vessel, a broken bronze knife and a flint scraper. These remains, together with the close proximity of the cairn to an extensive prehistoric field system, date the cairn to the Bronze Age.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
23322
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Other
Barnatt, J W, Peak District Barrow Survey, 1989, unpublished survey
In Sheffield City Museum, Correspondence (Antiquities) SA/116 from E.H. Peat 1/8/1965,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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