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Bowl barrow 120m north-east of Bincliff Mines

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 120m north-east of Bincliff Mines

List entry Number: 1008963

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Staffordshire

District: Staffordshire Moorlands

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ilam

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Nov-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22405

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigations and some minor mutilation of the mound by stone robbing, the bowl barrow 120m north-east of Bincliff Mines survives well. These investigations located human and faunal remains together with pottery and artefacts of flint and bronze, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 120m north-east of Bincliff Mines on the western side of the crest of a broad ridgetop. It survives as a slightly mutilated oval earthen mound up to 1.6m high with maximum dimensions of 23.5m by 21m. On the barrow's south-west and north-east sides is a rock- cut ditch up to 7m wide and 0.3m deep. This ditch has been infilled by ploughing on the barrow's south-eastern side but destroyed by a mining track on the north-western side. Limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the barrow in 1845 located a rock-cut grave containing an inhumation, a food vessel, a cremation and a flint. Above this grave pottery sherds and a fragment of human skull were found. Elsewhere in the mound a further three inhumations, a cremation, flints, animal bones, antler tines and a beaker were discovered. Further limited investigations five years later found a cremation, human bones, antler tines, pottery, a bronze bracelet and flints. A drystone wall on the barrow's north-western side is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

National Grid Reference: SK 11658 54074

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008963 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 07:32:27.

End of official listing