This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Chapperton Down Prehistoric and Romano-British Landscape

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Chapperton Down Prehistoric and Romano-British Landscape

List entry Number: 1009301

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Chitterne

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Heytesbury

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Tilshead

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: West Lavington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 17-Mar-1965

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Mar-1990

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 10105

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Romano-British villages surviving as earthworks are rare nationally, as are extensive, well preserved, Romano-Celtic field systems. The association of a Roman village surviving as impressive earthworks, extensive contemporary field systems and several major prehistoric land boundaries provides significant evidence for the nature of Romano-British downland settlement and agricultural practises. Additionally the monument includes several prehistoric funerary monuments considered to be of national importance in their own right.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

An area of well preserved, prehistoric and Romano-British landscape including an unexcavated settlement, field systems and associated contemporary and non-contemporary features. 1 - A settlement site consisting of a street with associated house platforms. There is no recorded excavation but pottery and a brooch have been found. Recent military activity has caused some damage. (ST996481) 2 - A mound first described as a long barrow with the southern end levelled. Re-evaluation concluded that confusion arose in early records and the mound is the `nonsepulchral' round mound described by Colt Hoare. (ST99604806) 3 - A ditched bowl barrow, overall diameter is c.24m. Little trace of the ditch now survives and the mound has been damaged by mammals and the military. (SU00174728) 4 - A long barrow called "Kill barrow", c.52m long. This barrow has been partially excavated in the 19th century and is also damaged by military activity. (SU00014789) 5 - A field system of Celtic type with lynchets between 1m - 2m high. The area is grass covered with some scrub. There is some military damage. 6 - A boundary bank/ditch/bank feature leading to a settlement to the west. The earthwork is associated with the surrounding fields and is an integral part of the landscape. 7 - A boundary ditch running north-west/south-east across Chapperton Down and associated with the field systems in the area. 8 - A celtic field system with poorly preserved banks. The area is grass covered and is known to have been uncultivated in the 19th century. 9 - A slight circular mound located beside a tank track, it could be the remains of an eroded barrow, but may be of military origin. There is no sign of a ditch. (SU00414765) 10 - A series of holloways coming downland from Imber and Chitterne to Tilshead and West Lavington. 11 - A boundary ditch to the south of Chapperton Down. It is under long grass and difficult to distinguish. 12 - A field system surviving due to lack of cultivation in recent centuries. 13 - A set of three ponds, interpreted as Romano-British. They are unaffected by weed and scrub growth and are only affected by minimal vehicle damage. (SU003479)

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

National Grid Reference: SU 00106 47839

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009301 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 03:10:01.

End of official listing