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Earl Shilton motte and bailey castle

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Earl Shilton motte and bailey castle

List entry Number: 1010302

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Leicestershire

District: Hinckley and Bosworth

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Earl Shilton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Oct-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Jun-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 17035

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Motte and bailey castles are medieval fortifications introduced into Britain by the Normans. They comprised a large conical mound of earth or rubble, the motte, surmounted by a palisade and a stone or timber tower. In a majority of examples an embanked enclosure containing additional buildings, the bailey, adjoined the motte. Motte castles and motte-and-bailey castles acted as garrison forts during offensive military operations, as strongholds, and, in many cases, as aristocratic residences and as centres of local or royal administration. Built in towns, villages and open countryside, motte and bailey castles generally occupied strategic positions dominating their immediate locality and, as a result, are the most visually impressive monuments of the early post-Conquest period surviving in the modern landscape. Over 600 motte castles or motte-and-bailey castles are recorded nationally, with examples known from most regions. As one of a restricted range of recognised early post-Conquest monuments, they are particularly important for the study of Norman Britain and the development of the feudal system. Although many were occupied for only a short period of time, motte castles continued to be built and occupied from the 11th to the 13th centuries, after which they were superseded by other types of castle.

Earl Shilton castle motte survives in good condition and will retain archaeological evidence of buildings within the interior.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

Earl Shilton Castle lies on the northern edge of the village, west of the church. It comprises a motte and part of the bailey bank to the south. The circular motte is approximately 50m in diameter. It is flat-topped but has a considerable slope to the north. It is 3m high on the south side and 1.5m on the north. The remains of an encircling ditch and part of the bailey can be seen on the south side although the original dimensions have been obscured by modern development on the western side. The bailey bank to the south, rises to about 1m above the foot of the mound and is 50m long. The extent of the bailey enclosure is today probably reflected in the churchyard boundary. The castle was founded by the Earl of Leicester soon after the Norman Conquest and demolished in the late 12th century. Excluded from the scheduling is a fake stone gateway and wooden bridge erected on the south side of the motte, additionally the stone steps to the north of the monument are also excluded. However the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Cantor, L, 'Transactions of the Leicestershire Arch and Historical Society' in The Medieval Castles of Leicestershire (Volume 53), , Vol. 53, (1978)

National Grid Reference: SP 47038 98197

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010302 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 10:32:08.

End of official listing