Bowl barrow, 200m ENE of Shortflatt

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011833

Date first listed: 08-Mar-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Mar-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow, 200m ENE of Shortflatt
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Belsay

National Grid Reference: NZ 08512 80574

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow near Shortflatt survives very well and contains significant archaeological deposits. It is clearly a mound of some importance set as it is in a position from where it is a visible landmark for some distance.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a round barrow of Bronze Age date situated on a low east-west ridge with extensive views to the south and west. The barrow mound, composed of earth and thought to be revetted with stone, is 20m in diameter and stands to a maximum height of 2m. Surrounding this mound are the remains of a circular ditch, now infilled but clearly visible in the past. The ditch was formed as a result of quarrying for material in order to build the barrow mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25144

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
MacLaughlan, H, Memoir to Survey of Eastern Branch of the Watling Street, (1864), 9
Davies, J, Davidson, J, 'Northern Archaeology vol 9 1988-89' in A Survey of Bolam and Shaftoe area, Northumberland, (1990), 57-96
Other
NZ 08 SE 10,

End of official listing