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Wayside cross on Langsett Moor known as Lady Cross

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Wayside cross on Langsett Moor known as Lady Cross

List entry Number: 1012157

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Barnsley

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish: Langsett

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 28-Feb-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27214

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Lady Cross is a reasonably well preserved example of a documented wayside cross which is still in its original location and is associated with an ancient roadway. Its later reuse as a surveyor's triangulation point adds to its interest and importance.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details



The monument is located on Langsett Moor in the northern gritstone moors of the Peak District. It is a medieval wayside cross and includes the socle or socket stone of the cross, a fragment of the cross shaft which lies partially embedded in the ground next to the socle, and a surveyor's triangulation post which now occupies the socket hole in place of the cross shaft.

The socle comprises a truncated pyramidal gritstone block measuring 90cm x 70cm at the base and roughly 50cm high. Its corners are chamfered at the top so that the upper half is octagonal while the lower half is rectangular. The 20cm square socket hole is approximately 15cm deep.

The recumbent shaft fragment is of the same stone as the socle and measures 20cm x 15cm at the base and approximately 48cm long. Its corners are chamfered except at the bottom where it would have slotted into the socket hole. The upper portion is now missing but was reported formerly to have been in the grounds of Ellerslee Lodge.

Both the cross shaft and socle are undecorated. However, on the upper surface of the socle are several examples of early modern graffiti. Incised on the south side are the initials `IWB'. Immediately to the left is the Roman numeral `XXV' beneath which is an isolated `V' and above which is a small equal-armed cross. On the north side is an `H' with a smaller `D' off the top right corner. On the east side are the poorly inscribed initials `MB' which may be a more recent addition.

Some of this graffiti may relate to the triangulation post currently occupying the socket hole. This feature consists of a 70cm long triangular gritstone pillar with a peg-hole in the top. It measures 15cm on each side widening to 20cm near the base. Its interpretation is based both on its form and prominent location, and on its clear alignment with a modern triangulation point 1km to the north east.

Although much later than the cross, it is likely to be some 200 years old. The cross itself was recorded in 1509, 1547 and 1695 and marks an ancient packhorse route across the moor. It is Listed Grade II.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Hill, Angela Shackleton, (1994)
J. Kenworthy MSS (undated), Sheffield City Library Archives 41416.6,

National Grid Reference: SK 14838 99738

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012157 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 11:52:31.

End of official listing