Bushwood Hall moated site

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1013156

Date first listed: 17-Jul-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bushwood Hall moated site
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Warwickshire

District: Warwick (District Authority)

Parish: Bushwood

National Grid Reference: SP 17592 69189

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Bushwood Hall moated site survives well and is largely unencumbered by modern development. The moated island will retain structural and artefactual evidence for the original house which existed here. Additionally, organic material will be preserved within the waterlogged moat ditches which will allow an insight into the economy of the site's inhabitants. The importance of the site is enhanced by the survival of related historical documentation.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is situated in an isolated context adjacent to a stream channel flowing north-south and includes a moated site. The moated site has external dimensions of approximately 70m square. The arms of the moat measure up to 12m wide and are waterfilled. The extreme eastern end of the northern moat arm has been infilled and is partly overlaid by an outbuilding of the present Bushwood Hall. At the north western corner of the site, the moat projects slightly westwards to form a pond area, and this is included in the scheduling. There is an external bank along the northern side of the moated site, approximately 5m wide. The moated island is slightly raised above the surrounding ground surface particularly on its western side. The northern part of the island is occupied by the present Bushwood Hall, a Grade II Listed Building, which dates from the 17th century with 19th century alterations. It is not included in the scheduling although the ground below is included. Access to the moated island is thought to have been across the eastern arm of the moat and an oak cantilever drawbridge was recovered from this moat arm during dredging operations in 1961. Bushwood was, at one time, the property of the Bishop of Worcester. Documentary sources indicate that in 1314 Sir John de Bishopesdon arranged for a gatehouse to be constructed at the site. The room above the gatehouse is known to have included two fireplaces and two privies. The present Bushwood Hall, the former pigsty situated in the south eastern part of the moated island, and the timber bridges across the western and eastern arms of the moat are all excluded from the scheduling; the electricity pole beyond the northern moat arm, the outbuilding at the north eastern corner of the site, the wall which runs adjacent to the eastern moat arm and the surfaces of all paths and driveways are also excluded, but the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21579

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Robert, B K, 'Transactions of the Birmingham Archaeological Society' in Moated Sites In Middle England, , Vol. 80, (1962), 35

End of official listing