Swap Hill standing stone 200m south east of the Long Combe sheep pen

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1014272

Date first listed: 27-Mar-1996

Map

Ordnance survey map of Swap Hill standing stone 200m south east of the Long Combe sheep pen
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset (District Authority)

Parish: Exmoor

National Park: EXMOOR

National Grid Reference: SS 80513 42669

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of its monuments. However, survey work has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. The well-preserved and often visible relationships between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways and ceremonial and funerary monuments give insight into successive changes in the pattern of land-use through time. Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments, with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under 1m to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to prehistoric burial monuments such as small cairns and cists. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period. Although standing stones are widely distributed throughout England, the recorded examples on Exmoor form an important subgroup of the total population and are considered to be of national importance.

Although the Swap Hill standing stone has been split it survives in its original position and will retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction and use of the monument. Its importance is increased by the proximity of two other similar sites to the south east.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a standing stone, a split fragment from the standing stone and the archaeologically sensitive area around those features. It is located on the gentle west facing slope of the western spur of Swap Hill 200m south east of the Long Combe sheep pen. The stone is a slab orientated north west to south east and is 230mm high, 330mm long and 96mm wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25230

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
McDonnell, R R J, Recommendations for the Management of Archaeological Sites in, (1985), 54
Other
McDonnell R R J, SMR 33120, (1982)

End of official listing