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Wayside cross in Egloshayle churchyard, 0.46m east of the church porch

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Wayside cross in Egloshayle churchyard, 0.46m east of the church porch

List entry Number: 1014910

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Wadebridge

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Feb-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Jan-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28456

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

This wayside cross in Egloshayle churchyard has survived well, and is a good example of a wheel-headed cross. It was found in Dunmere Woods and may have been a waymarker on a route to Bodmin, an important religious and administrative centre during the medieval period. Its removal to the churchyard and re-erection there in the early 20th century illustrates the changing attitudes to religion which have prevailed since the Reformation and their impact on the local landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a medieval wayside cross situated in Egloshayle churchyard in the River Camel valley in north Cornwall. The wayside cross survives as an upright granite shaft with a round, `wheel' head, standing to a height of 0.74m. The head measures 0.28m high by 0.3m wide and is 0.17m thick. The principal faces are orientated north-south. Both principal faces bear a relief equal limbed cross with splayed ends to the limbs, and a narrow bead around the outer edge of the head. The upper limb on the south face ends in a point at the intersection of the limbs slightly in relief of the rest of the cross motif. In the top of the head is a 0.03m diameter shallow hole. The rectangular-section shaft measures 0.45m high by 0.23m wide at the base tapering slightly to 0.21m at the top, and is 0.17m thick. On the west side of the shaft is a 0.06m diameter hole, 0.09m deep, and below that is a 0.13m long fracture. This hole is a result of the former reuse of the cross as a gatepost. The wayside cross is located in the churchyard at Egloshayle, immediately to the east of the church porch. It was found in Dunmere Woods, 5.75km south east of the church, and was removed to the churchyard for preservation. The cross was located on the north side of the church but was later re-erected in its present position in the early 20th century. The slate and granite memorial plaques and their gravel surround to the north and east of the cross, the low slate wall to the west and south, the concrete gutter to the west and the gravel surface of the footpath passing to the south where they lie within the protective margin of the cross, are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Langdon, A G, Old Cornish Crosses, (1896)
Langdon, A G, Stone Crosses of North Cornwall, (1992)
Other
Title: 1:2500 Ordnance Survey Map; SX 07/17; Pathfinder Series 1338 Source Date: 1988 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

National Grid Reference: SX 00081 71901

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1014910 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 09:49:56.

End of official listing