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Neolithic long barrow and Bronze Age bowl barrow 630m north west of Warren Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Neolithic long barrow and Bronze Age bowl barrow 630m north west of Warren Farm

List entry Number: 1015772

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Lincolnshire

District: East Lindsey

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Welton Le Wold

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Jul-1997

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29703

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds, generally with flanking ditches. They acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC), representing the burial places of Britain's early farming communities, and as such are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary activities preceding the construction of the barrow mound, including ditched enclosures containing structures related to various rituals of burial. It is probable, therefore, that long barrows acted as important spiritual sites for their local communities over considerable periods of time. The long barrows of the Lincolnshire Wolds and their adjacent regions have been identified as a distinct regional grouping of monuments in which the flanking ditches are continued around the ends of the barrow mound, either continuously or broken by a single causeway towards one end. More than 60 examples of this type of monument are known; a small number of these survive as earthworks, but the great majority of sites are known as cropmarks and soilmarks recorded on aerial photographs where no mound is evident at the surface. Not all Lincolnshire long barrows include mounds. Current limited understanding of the processes of Neolithic mortuary ritual in Lincolnshire is that the large barrow mound represents the final phase of construction which was not reached by all mortuary monuments. Many of the sites where only the ditched enclosure is known have been interpreted as representing monuments which had fully evolved mounds, but in which the mound itself has been degraded or removed by subsequent agricultural activity. In a minority of cases, however, the ditched enclosure will represent a monument which never developed a burial mound. As a distinctive regional grouping of one of the few types of Neolithic monuments known, these sites are of great value. They were all in use over a great period of time and are thus highly representive of changing cultures of the peoples who built and maintained them. All forms of long barrow on the Lincolnshire Wolds and its adjacent regions are therefore considered to be of national importance and all examples with significant surviving remains are considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurrng across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historical element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide imporant information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Although the long barrow and bowl barrow north west of Warren Farm have been denuded by ploughing, rare and valuable archaeological deposits will be preserved in the buried ground surfaces and in the fills of the buried ditches. These will provide information concerning the dating and construction of the barrows and the sequence of mortuary practices at the site. The same deposits will also retain environmental evidence illustrating the nature of the landscape in which the barrows were set. The area of buried ground surface between the two barrows will retain evidence for ritual and funerary activities relating to the sites over a considerable length of time, and may provide indications of the evolving nature of religious beliefs during this period. The close association of these barrows, together with a further long barrow some 250m to the north east (SM27892), demonstrates the continuing ritual sigificance of the area, while their proximity to the Bluestone Heath Road, which follows the route of a prehistoric ridgeway, c.100m to the east, has wider implications for the study of demography, communications and settlement patterns from the Neolithic period into the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of a Neolithic long barrow and a Bronze Age bowl barrow, situated below the summit of a plateau above the source of the River Lud, some 630m north west of Warren Farm. Although the barrow mounds have been reduced by ploughing and cannot now be seen on the ground, the survival of their infilled and buried ditches is indicated by cropmarks which are clearly visible from the air. The intervening area of ground between the two barrows, which will contain evidence of ritual activities associated with the construction and use of these barrows, is also included in the scheduling. The long barrow appears as an elongated wedge- shaped enclosure orientated north west to south east and measuring approximately 60m long by 30m wide, defined by an encircling ditch. This ditch, from which material for the construction of a barrow mound would have been quarried, is broken by a single causeway to the east which would have provided access to the mound. The buried remains of a Bronze Age bowl barrow lie some 60m ENE of the long barrow. The barrow mound has been reduced by ploughing. The area of the mound is some 25m in diameter and is defined by a circular quarry ditch. The monument is situated some 300m south west of a further Neolithic long barrow which is the subject of a separate scheduling (SM 27892).

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Burl, A, The Stonehenge People, (1989)
Phillips, C W, 'Archaeologia' in Excavation of Giants' Hills Long Barrow, Skendleby, Lincs., , Vol. 85, (1936), 37-106
Other
discussions, Jones, D, (1995)
oblique monochrome photograph, Everson, P, 2943/31, (1980)
oblique monochrome photograph, Everson, P, 2943/31, (1980)

National Grid Reference: TF 25832 86810

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 07:06:46.

End of official listing