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Round cairn 970m south of Hob Hurst's House

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn 970m south of Hob Hurst's House

List entry Number: 1017001

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: Derbyshire Dales

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Beeley

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 29-Oct-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31256

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The East Moors in Derbyshire includes all the gritstone moors east of the River Derwent. It covers an area of 105 sq km, of which around 63% is open moorland and 37% is enclosed. As a result of recent and on-going archaeological survey, the East Moors area is becoming one of the best recorded upland areas in England. On the enclosed land the archaeological remains are fragmentary, but survive sufficiently well to show that early human activity extended beyond the confines of the open moors. On the open moors there is significant and well-articulated evidence over extensive areas for human exploitation of the gritstone uplands from the Neolithic to the post-medieval periods. Bronze Age activity accounts for the most intensive use of the moorlands. Evidence for it includes some of the largest and best preserved field systems and cairnfields in northern England as well settlement sites, numerous burial monuments, stone circles and other ceremonial remains which, together, provide a detailed insight into life in the Bronze Age. Also of importance is the well preserved and often visible relationship between the remains of earlier and later periods since this provides an insight into successive changes in land use through time. A large number of the prehistoric sites on the moors, because of their rarity in a national context, excellent state of preservation and inter-connections, will be identified as nationally important.

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2,000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone lined compartment called cists. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalents of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. The round cairn 970m south of Hob Hurst's House, although damaged, still contains significant undisturbed archaeological remains. Its proximity to several cairnfields and field systems is important to our understanding of Bronze Age funerary monuments and their relationship with contemporary settlement.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a large round cairn which stands on a bluff of moorland close to another cairn of similar size, which is the subject of a separate scheduling. Both cairns are interpreted as funerary monuments. The round cairn 970m south of Hob Hurst's House was constructed from surface worn gritstones and measures approximately 14m in diameter and 1m high. It stands within a surrounding bank of approximately 23m diameter and 0.5m high. Although there is evidence for stone robbing on the eastern side of the mound and at its centre, either as the result of an undocumented excavation or for wall building, much of the structure remains intact and it is likely that much buried information remains undisturbed. The size, position and relative isolation of the cairn indicates that it was not the product of stone clearance for agriculture but was built as a funerary monument. On the western side of the monument there appears to be an extension to the surrounding bank forming a flat topped platform. Several surviving prehistoric cairnfields and field systems on the moorlands are in sight of the monument and it is likely that the cairn served as an ancestral burial place during the earlier phases of settlement on the moors during the Late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age period.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J W, The Chatsworth Estate Historic Landscape Survey (Moorlands), (1998), 133
Barnatt, J W, The Chatsworth Estate Historic Landscape Survey (Moorlands), (1998), 133
Other
Barnatt, J. W., Peak District Barrow Survey, 1989, unpublished survey archive

National Grid Reference: SK 28593 68272

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017001 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 11:52:38.

End of official listing