Cairn 480m north of Little Quantock Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1017294
Date first listed: 10-Apr-1975
Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jun-2000
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: West Somerset (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: ST 14915 36972
Reasons for Designation
The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few
remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological
importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of
monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards.
Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round
barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later
industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on
the hills through time. These earthwork features are one of the key components
of the Quantocks' broader landscape character.
Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter
predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally
available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and
are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. Twelve round cairns have been recorded
on the Quantocks, although the original figure is likely to have been higher.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The cairn 480m north of Little Quantock Farm survives well despite some disturbance to the mound which has altered its original shape. It will contain archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The monument includes a Bronze Age cairn located on the summit of Fire Beacon,
a south and west facing hill in the western region of the Quantock Hills. The
cairn is of an irregular shape with a spread mound, approximately 2m above
ground level at its highest point and 26m in diameter. The surface of the
mound has been disturbed which may indicate that a partial excavation has been
carried out, probably in antiquity.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 33701
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of Somerset Archaelogical & Natural History Society' in Somerset Barrows, , Vol. 113 pt 1, (1969), 29
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing