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Bowl barrow and moot known as Troston Mount

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow and moot known as Troston Mount

List entry Number: 1017790

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: St. Edmundsbury

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Troston

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Dec-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Feb-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31088

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Troston Mount is a well preserved example of a bowl barrow, with a variety of visible components including an outer bank, which is a relatively common feature in the barrows surviving in this region. It will retain archaeological information concerning its construction and the manner and duration of its use. Evidence for the local environment prior to and during that time will also be preserved in soils buried beneath the mound and in the fills of the partly buried ditch. The proximity of the barrow to a number of other barrows in this part of the Breckland region give it additional interest. Together these barrows give some evidence of the character, development and density of the prehistoric population in this area. The reuse of the prehistoric barrow as a moot or meeting place gives the monument additional interest. Moots were open-air meeting places set aside for use by courts and other bodies, responsible for administration and organisation of the countryside in Anglo-Saxon and medieval England. They appear to have been first established between the seventh and ninth centuries AD and their use declined after the 13th century. They were located at convenient, conspicuous or well-known sites, using natural features, purpose built monuments or man-made features. Occasionally prehistoric mounds were remodelled to provide suitable sites.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the bowl barrow known as Troston Mount which is situated to the south of Honington Airfield and immediately to the east of Broadmere Lake. The barrow is visible as an earthen mound, which stands to a height of approximately 2.5m. The barrow mound is roughly circular with a diameter of about 34m. Encircling the mound are a ditch and external bank, which are most clearly visible on the north east and south west sides of the mound. The ditch is largely infilled, but is marked by a hollow approximately 0.2m deep and up to 8m wide. The external bank is about 6m wide, and survives in places to a height of up to 0.5m. The monument is believed to have been used as a meeting place for the Court of the Bradmere Hundred. In addition, the Troston tithe map of 1842 names a field in the vicinity as `Gibbet Pightle' indicating the proximity of a gibbet/gallows site; this was possibly on Troston Mount.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Sussams, K, The Breckland Archaeological Survey 1994- 1996, (1996)
Sussams, K, The Breckland Archaeological Survey 1994- 1996, (1996)
Other
Title: Troston Tithe Map and Apportionment Source Date: 1842 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SRU T35/1, 2
Title: Troston Tithe Map and Apportionment Source Date: 1842 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Suffolk Record Office T35/1, 2

National Grid Reference: TL 89671 74144

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017790 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 07:42:57.

End of official listing