Bowl barrow in Cottage Wood, 800m north-east of Rendlesham Hall Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017853

Date first listed: 15-Dec-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Feb-1993


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Cottage Wood, 800m north-east of Rendlesham Hall Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Suffolk

District: Suffolk Coastal (District Authority)

Parish: Rendlesham

National Grid Reference: TM 34216 54486


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although the barrow in Cottage Wood has undergone limited excavation in the past, the scale of disturbance is small in relation to the monument as a whole, which still retains important archaeological information. Evidence concerning the construction of the barrow and the manner and duration of its use, as well as of the local environment at that time, will be contained in the mound, in the soils preserved beneath the mound, and in the fill of the ditch.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow which consists of an earthen mound and encircling ditch. The mound covers an area 21m in diameter and stands to a height of 1.2m. In the southern part of the mound, extending from the centre, is a hollow 9m long, 5.5m wide and 0.6m deep which is evidence of limited excavation of probable 19th century date. The surrounding ditch, from which earth was dug for use in the construction of the mound, has become partially infilled, but is still visible on the north and west sides of the monument as a depression 0.6m deep, with a maximum width of 4.5m. On the south and east sides the circumference of the barrow mound, the original diameter of which was about 17m, has been extended by upcast from the old excavation so as to fill and cover the remains of the ditch completely. The present mound and surviving ditch hollow together have a diameter of 25.5m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21251

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing