Prehistoric stone hut circle settlement 320m south east of Dow Scar

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019049

Date first listed: 17-May-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Prehistoric stone hut circle settlement 320m south east of Dow Scar
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Murton

National Grid Reference: NY 76543 22385

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Stone hut circles and hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers. Most date from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone- based round-houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; the remains of the turf, thatch or heather roofs are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth or stone. Frequently traces of their associated field systems may be found immediately around them. These may be indicated by areas of clearance cairns and/or the remains of field walls and other enclosures. The longevity of use of hut circle settlements and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The prehistoric stone hut circle settlement 320m south east of Dow Scar survives well and is a good example of this class of monument. Along with other prehistoric monuments in the vicinity it indicates the importance of this area in prehistoric times and the diversity of monument classes to be found here.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric stone hut circle settlement located on a gently sloping hillside plateau overlooking Scordale Beck, 320m south east of Dow Scar. It includes an oval-shaped stone walled enclosure with maximum external dimensions of 35m north west-south east by 23m north east-south west. Within the enclosure are the lower courses of a stone hut circle, measuring 9m in diameter, which is attached to the eastern side of the enclosure wall. At the north western end of the enclosure a stone wall sub-divides the interior, creating what is interpreted as a stock pen. On the south side of the enclosure, attached to the outside of the enclosure wall, are the lower courses of a second stone hut circle measuring 7.5m in diameter.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32850

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing