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Pockley Gates round barrow 600m west of Beadlam Grange

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Pockley Gates round barrow 600m west of Beadlam Grange

List entry Number: 1019341

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Beadlam

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 19-Dec-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Oct-2000

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32690

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Pockley Gates round barrow, 600m west of Beadlam Grange, retains a very prominent mound which will include significant undisturbed archaeological information below the plough soil including the primary burial and other features. Excavations at other similar sites have demonstrated that significant archaeological information typically survives, even where the earthworks are continuously ploughed over many years.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is the eastern and largest of a group of three prehistoric burial mounds, known as round barrows, just south of the foot of Wykeham Dale Hill extending eastwards from the River Riccal. The western barrow of the group, Riccal Bridge round barrow 250m to the west overlooking the river, is the subject of a separate scheduling. The middle barrow, which lay approximately 50m WNW of Pockley Gates barrow, is believed to have been lost to road improvements. Pockley Gates round barrow is a mound approximately 35m in diameter. It is sited on the edge of a slight natural rise so that it is around 0.3m high when measured on the north side, but up to 1m on the south western side. Prior to the creation of modern embankments and hedge lines, it would have been intervisible with the other two barrows in the group. Although sited on low lying ground, assuming no obscuring vegetation, it may have been originally also intervisible with at least one of the group of three barrows just east of Helmsley, 1.4km to the WSW and possibly with the two barrows north of Rye House Farm, 1.8km to the south. The position of Pockley Gates round barrow, at the foot of the hill, rather than higher up, is thought to have the additional significance of marking an ancient route way which ran along the north side of the Vale of Pickering. Unlike most round barrows in the area, records from the early 1960s before the monument was first ploughed, state that the monument had not been subjected to antiquarian excavation or other disturbance. Although there are no obvious indications of an encircling ditch, excavation of other examples of round barrows in the region have shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of the mound frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits. A margin to allow for such an infilled ditch up to 3m wide is thus also included within the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
McDonnell, J, A History of Helmsley Rievaulx and District, (1963), 377

National Grid Reference: SE 63549 84235

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019341 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 06:16:30.

End of official listing