Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Statutory Address:


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Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Tameside (Metropolitan Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SJ 93640 98581


The following building shall be added:


4/101 Cavendish Mill

G.V. II*

Cotton spinning mill (empty at time of inspection, July 1990). 1884-5, built for the Cavendish Spinning Co Ltd. Architects: Potts, Pickup and Dixon of Oldham. Main: contractors: Storrs, Son and Co Ltd. Brick; steel girders rest on steel (or possibly iron) window lintels with concrete floors and flat roof. Because the mill is built on an awkward site it has an unusual plan. Main block (6 storeys to Ashton Canal, S; 5 storeys to Bank Street, N) has a short extension to NE (forming an L-shaped plan overall) incorporating the engine house which occupies most of the lower 2 floors; attached to the SE face of the mill is an octagonal stair turret wrapped around the stack; a 2-storeyed office block extends further to the SE. The offices and stack, and the engine-house range are corrected by the boiler house and form 3 sides of a small entrance courtyard (facing Cavendish Street). Carding sheds to N with perimeter wall. Main mill block 14 x 9 window bays; large 9-pane windows under blue brick lintel bands (concealing iron or steel girder pads); continuous projecting sill bands. Ground floor windows under elliptical arches. One loading bay towards canal. Simple parapets. End bays emphasised by projecting slightly. Engine house distinguished by tall round-headed windows (some with simple tracery). Polygonal stair turret with large windows to each facet, the 7th stage marked by paired round-headed windows to each facet under a parapet with lombardic frieze. Topmost courses of stack removed. Office block windows with curious stone lintels. Irregular N elevation. Entrance with stone capped piers and massive iron vehicle- guards. Interior not inspected. Circular section iron columns with shaped brackets support steel girders.

Note: The form of construction used here (ie concrete floors, rather than brick arched floors) on steel. girders and lintel plates was pioneered by Edward Potts. He applied (unsuccessfully) to have the method patented in 1884. As well as being the earliest such structure in Ashton, it is one of the earliest in Greater Manchester (and probably the world) and is consequently of great significance. For Stott see D Gurr and J Hunt, The Cotton Mills of Oldham (1985) page 25; for Ashton, J Haynes, Cotton in Ashton (1987), pages 47-8.

Listing NGR: SJ9364098581


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Gurr, Duncan, Hunt, , The Cotton Mills of Oldham, (1989), 25
Haynes, J, Cotton in Ashton, (1987), 47-48


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

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Date: 21 Aug 2000
Reference: IOE01/01559/27
Rights: Copyright IoE Samantha Jones. Source Historic England Archive
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