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WESTMINSTER ABBEY (THE COLLEGIATE CHURCH OF ST PETER)

List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: WESTMINSTER ABBEY (THE COLLEGIATE CHURCH OF ST PETER)

List entry Number: 1291494

Location

WESTMINSTER ABBEY (THE COLLEGIATE CHURCH OF ST PETER), BROAD SANCTUARY SW1
WESTMINSTER ABBEY (THE COLLEGIATE CHURCH OF ST PETER), ST MARGARET STREET SW1

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Greater London Authority

District: City of Westminster

District Type: London Borough

Parish:

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 24-Feb-1958

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 208810

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

TQ 3079 NW and SW CITY OF WESTMINSTER BROAD SANCTUARY SW1 92/57 ;101/1 Westminster Abbey (The 24.2.58 Collegiate Church of St Peter) (Formerly listed under General)

GV I

Abbey church. Edward the Confessor's church of c.1050-65, rebuilding begun by Henry III, 1245; the chancel, transepts and 5 bays of nave completed by 1269; new nave and west front 1375-1400 by Henry Yevele master mason, completed 1506, excluding the upper part of the west towers; Henry VII Chapel begun as new Lady Chapel 1503, completed as Chantry chapel c.1512, probably by Robert and William Virtue; the west towers 1735-40 by Hawksmoor; major C18 and C19 restorations by Wren, Henry Keene, James Wyatt, Benjamin Wyatt, Blore, Sir George Gilbert Scott and J. C. Pearson, as Surveyors to the Fabric; "anti- scrape" preservation introduced by Micklethwaite and Lethaby. Reigate stone with Huddlestone stone for Henry VII's Chapel. Geometrical gothic, exceptionally French in plan with aisled, 11-bay nave, transepts and chancel with ambulatory and radiating chapels, and French in the height of the vault with its 2 tiers of flying buttresses. Specifically English in the distinguishing feature of a full gallery instead of a triforium and in the way in which Yevele's nave respectfully continues the style of the Henry III work. Yevele's Perpendicular appears on the west front and porch, very similar to his Westminster Hall design. Henry VII's Chapel has boldly modelled Late Perpendicular detailing. The west towers have Hawksmoor's individual blending of Gothic verticality with Baroque details. Interior has Purbeck marble piers and shafting; quadripartite vaulting with ridge rib and bosses; transverse and tierceron ribs introduced in nave, with Perpendicular details to the bosses in Yevele's work. Stained glass: a few reset C13 fragments, otherwise C15/C16; C18, C19 and C20; cosmati pavements in feretory and Presbytery, etc. Exceptional furnishing and unique collection of monuments and sculpture, etc. The Abbey is the English St Denis and Reims in one, a unique embodiment of church, state and crown, and national mausoleum.

R. C. H. M. W. R. Lethaby 1906 and 1923 London, Vol I; N Pevsner

Listing NGR: TQ3008379495

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Lethaby, WR , Londinium Architecture and the Crafts, (1923)
Lethaby, WR , Westminster Abbey and the Kings Craftsmen A Study of Medieval Building, (1906)
Pevsner, N, Cherry, B, The Buildings of England: London I - The Cities of London and Westminster, (1973)

National Grid Reference: TQ 30082 79490

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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End of official listing