CHURCH OF ST MARY

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
II*
List Entry Number:
1348758
Date first listed:
21-Feb-1986
Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST MARY

Map

Ordnance survey map of CHURCH OF ST MARY
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Location

Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST MARY

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Tyberton
National Grid Reference:
SO 38023 39889

Details

SO 33 NE TYBERTON CP -

3/92 Church of St Mary

GV II*

Parish church. Rebuilt in 1720 incorporating C12 south doorway, restored 1880. Brick on sandstone plinth, sandstone and limestone dressings, tiled roofs. West tower, three-bay nave, two-bay chancel and south porch. Tower has chamfered plinth, four stages-divided by strings, each except the top stage slightly recessed from the one below, arched louvred openings with jambs rising directly from strings beneath to each face of third stage, south face has similar but slightly off-centre openings to first and second stages; above top stage is stone cornice and plain frieze, low brick pediment with moulded stone raking cornices and keystones to each face; gadrooned urn- finial to each corner; central scrolled wrought iron support, probably C18, to shaft of weathervane; sun-motif beneath the vane, cross above it; the vane, in the form of an arrow, has open lettering in a style as if stencilled: 1720/RESTORED/ 1880, brick west doorway is round-headed with continuous roll moulding crossed by imposts which rise to moulded brick label, above is tablet with shield-of-arms of the Brydges in a cartouche; early C18 fielded 2-leaved 6-panelled door with semi-circular head; clock on west face of second stage. Nave has lancets, from 1880 restoration, rubbed brick heads with limestone cills, moulded labels with stops returning into walls and keystones at the apex of each lancet; in the centre bay of the south side, concealed by the porch, is a trefoiled window. Chancel has no fenestration to square east wall; side walls have lancets like those of nave. Porch is brick with outer doorway similar to but smaller than west doorway, stone cornice and four small finials with pyramidical tops, the bases of which overhang the cornice, above outer doorway, tablet c1880 inscribed: "O PRAY FOR THE PEACE OF/ JERUSALEM/ THEY SHALL PROSPER THAT LOVE THEE/ PSALM CXXII. 6". South doorway is C12, sand- stone, semi-circular arch of two orders of roll mouldings, the inner continuous but for the interruption of imposts, thick outer roll moulding is carried on a pair of detached shafts with deep scalloped capitals and pyramidical motifs between each scallop; rear arch is segmentally headed; fielded 6-panelled door similar to that of the tower. Interior has plastered barrel roofs interrupted by round chancel arch with chamfered jambs and keystone bearing shield-of-arms of the Brydges, nave has continuous wooden cornice at wall-plate level which returns across the east and west walls; chancel has similar cornice returning across the east head of the chancel arch but running out short of the east wall. Chancel has painted panelled hemi-dome above shallow apse with carved oak reredos, designed by John Wood the Elder in 1728, deep plain entablature and moulded plinth returning to north and south at the ends with three plain panels divided by four pilasters each with three carved emblems, linked by tassled ropes, of The Crucifixion, The Passion and the Brydges, the tops of the pilasters are linked beneath the entablature by a frieze containing cherubs, a pair to each of the outer pilasters and one to each of the inner ones, between the outer and inner cherubs are flaming hearts and books, between the inner cherubs a bird with outstretched wings superimposed on a sun; mahogony armchair probably late C18, to south side of altar, has lattice-work beneath arms and in back-rest at the top of which is a cut-out quatrefoil; altar table is mahogony with curved front legs and moulded top; Communion rails are early C18 with moulded string and rail, spiral balusters divided into three bays by heavy turned balusters; four ornate wall monuments in the form of aedicules for William Brydges, died 1668; Anne, wife of Edmund Brydges, died 1696, with twisted composite columns; for Margaret Brydges, died 1671, aged 20, with allegorical figures, inscribed:

"Soe Young & Soe Soone dead, conclude we may She was to (sic) good longer one (sic) earth to stay";

Elizabeth, died 1690, and Francis Brydges, died 1727; two floor monuments, one for Marshall and Mary Brydges, died 1709 and 1700; the other for James and Dorothy Greene, died 1714 and 1713. Beneath the chancel arch are two painted wooden fluted wooden Ionic columns designed as candlesticks each with a small brass candle-holder, between them a lectern in the form of a kneeling angel; above the arch to the west, the Royal Arms of George I, "1720", in an ornate frame. Nave has shields-of-arms of Brydges et al, one to each apex of nave lancets, perhaps re-used and damaged on their undersides when the lancets were created. C18 two-decker pulpit, the upper part hexagonal with two raised panels to each side, matching box pews extending as far as south door on both sides, open pews with matching end panels and re-used early C17 panels, some with strap work in dado; font has moulded circular base, fluted stem, circular bowl with moulded rim and four cherubs separated by acanthus leaves; on the west wall three more Brydges monuments, above doorway to tower Edmund, died 1722, "T SYMONDS/ HEREFORD/ SCULP"; to the south, another Edmund, died 1794, with the motto Maintien le Droit; to the north William, died 1764, T KING, Ft, BATH, a grey marble oval plaque down which a cherub unfurls inscription scrolls; north side has nave monuments including William Henry Lee Warner, died 1896, by King, Hereford; Robert Henry Lee Warner, died 1895, and his wife Isabella by Shirer & Haddon, Cheltenham, inscribed:

THEY RESTORED THIS CHURCH AT THEIR OWN EXPENSE AND SPARED NO PAINS TO MAKE IT WORTHY OF THE WORSHIP OF ALMIGHTY GOD

In the north-east corner, Francis Brydges died 1793, by T King of Bath, with a draped urn; on the east wall memorial to Revd Daniel Henry Lee Warner of Walsingham Abbey, died 1858. Tower has 6-panelled round-headed 2-leaved east doors; inside is re-used C17 panelling with fluted margins to east and west; behind benches to north and south are early C17 splat balusters; several hatchments with mottoes "RESURGAM" and "MEMORIA PIJ AETERNA". The Brydges lived at Tyberton Court, which was probably designed by Wood the Elder (1704 - 54) whose early patron, the Duke of Chandos, was a Brydges. Included II* owing to C19 alterations to the fenestration. (BoE, p 302; Colvin, H: A Biographical Dictionary of English Architects, 1660 - 1840, John Murray, 1954, p 692; Gunnis, R; Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1660 - 1851, Abbey Library n.d., p 229; RCHM Vol I, p 242; String, R, Binney, M and Harris, J: The Destruction of the Country House, Thames and Hudson, 1974, p 189).

Listing NGR: SO3802839889

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
155145
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Inventory of Herefordshire I South West, (1931), 242
Colvin, H M , A Biographical Dictionary of English Architects 1600-1840, (1954), 692
Gunnis, R, Dictionary of British Sculptors 1660-1851, (1953), 229
Strong, R, Binney, M, Harris, J, The Destruction of the Country House, (1974), 189

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 16 Jun 2000
Reference: IOE01/02476/18
Rights: Copyright IoE G. Jane Fleet. Source Historic England Archive
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