CHURCH OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST

Overview

Heritage Category:
Listed Building
Grade:
I
List Entry Number:
1349866
Date first listed:
02-Sep-1966
Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST

Map

Ordnance survey map of CHURCH OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST
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Location

Statutory Address:
CHURCH OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District:
County of Herefordshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Byford
National Grid Reference:
SO 39717 42917

Details

SO 34 SE; 4/23

BYFORD CP, BYFORD

Church of St John the Baptist

02.09.66

I

Parish church. C12, extended C13, C14 and 1717, restored in 1851 and 1882-3. Coursed rubble with ashlar dressings and slate roof. West tower 1717, nave C12, south aisle late C12, chancel C13, extended early C14 and C13 south transept.

West tower has diagonal buttresses and a battlemented parapet. Three stages with a string course to the upper stage. Each stage has a triangular headed lancet with chamfered reveals in each wall. South -aisle of three bays, with a window of two trefoiled lights to west and that to east of three ogee trefoil lights, both with square heads. The C13 south door is set in a slight projection and has a two-centred arch of two orders, the outer moulded, with a moulded label. The outer order of the jambs has engaged shafts with foliated capitals and chamfered bases. The porch is C14 of stone with a two-centred arch. The side walls each have a single-light window. The nave north wall has five windows, which from west to east are: a window of two trefoiled lights with a quatrefoil under a two-centred head, a C12 semi-circular headed window, a 2-light window, a lancet and another 2- light window similar to the first. The south transept south window is C14 of three trefoiled lights under tracery with a two-centred head and a label. The east window is of five trefoiled lights under a square head. The chancel has one window in the south wall of two trefoiled lights with a similar one opposite in the north wall. The east window is of three lights, the outer two pointed, the central one triangular headed, all under a two-centred head.

INTERIOR: tower entrance has a segmental pointed rere-arch, with a two- centred arch on the outer face of two orders with respond shafts to the outer order of the jambs with foliate capitals. Arcade to south transept of five bays, the arches are two-centred and of two chamfered orders on cylindrical piers. The two eastern piers (late C12) have moulded bases and scalloped capitals, the other two have moulded bases and capitals. The responds each have a corbel shaft with a scalloped capitals. Arch from south aisle to south transept of two chamfered orders which both die into the responds. The chancel arch, rebuilt 1882-3, is two-centred of two continuous chamfered orders. Arcade from chancel to south transept of two bays with two-centred arches of two orders, the inner order chamfered, outer moulded. The central pier is of eight grouped shafts, alternately round and filleted, with "stiff- leaf" capitals. Roof of nave is of the common-rafter type with arch braces to collars and brattished wall-plate. Four later trusses inserted with wall posts resting on corbels. South aisle roof probably C14 of five bays with wall posts and cusped bracing. Transept roof is common rafters with arch braces to collars and a collar purlin. Chancel roof is a C19 segmental pointed ribbed wooden vault. Fittings: the octagonal font is dated 1638. The rector's desk in the north-west corner of the chancel incorporates C17 panelling dated 1635. Reredos composed of C17 panelling. Extensive traces of C14 wall painting in south transept, including an elaborate canopy above a corbel which would have carried a statue. Two figures of saints, one probably Saint Margaret. On west wall of south transept, a Gothick memorial tablet to St John Cotterell, died 1790. Two similar Gothick memorial tablets in south aisle to John Henry Cotterell, died 1834, and Sir John Geeres Cotterell, died 1845. The windows of the south aisle have re-used coffin lids with incised crosses showing.

Listing NGR: SO3971542919

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
149981
Legacy System:
LBS

Sources

Books and journals
Inventory of Herefordshire III North West, (1934), 30-31
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire, (1963), 96-7

Legal

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 24 Mar 2005
Reference: IOE01/13989/10
Rights: Copyright IoE Mr John Burrows. Source Historic England Archive
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