Heritage Category:
Listed Building
List Entry Number:
Date first listed:
Date of most recent amendment:
Statutory Address:


Ordnance survey map of TEMPLE MILL
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1375162.pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 24-Oct-2019 at 02:46:31.


Statutory Address:

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Leeds (Metropolitan Authority)
National Grid Reference:
SE 29525 32691


This List entry was subject to a Minor Amendment on 19/03/2018

SE 2932 NE; 714-1/80/848

LEEDS, MARSHALL STREET, Holbeck (West side)

Temple Mill


(Formerly Listed as: MARSHALL STREET Marshall's Mills or Temple Works including Gate Lodge immediately to north)



Flax spinning mill, now mail order warehouse and offices. 1838-40 and 1840-43. By Ignatius Bonomi the younger of Durham, James Combe engineer. For John Marshall and Company. Brick, cast-iron frame, ashlar facade; roof: flat, C20 asphalt and lead, conical glazed skylights, restored, parapet with stone steps up to roof light over engine house. PLAN: Two ranges: the main mill range completed 1840 and the office/counting house block projecting on the north side, completed 1843. In the Egyptian Revival style, a copy of the Temple at Edfu.

EXTERIOR: main range: tall single-storey over basement with 2-storey range and former engine house on north side, approx. 125 x 70m (nearly two acres). Frontage to street: battered walls, coved cornice, 18 recessed columns with papyrus capitals break line of screen wall with wood-framed small pane windows between. Right return: mill entrance left, flight of curved steps, restored, deeply-recessed double doors, each of three panels, small-pane overlight; attached office range projects on right (qv). Office block: two storeys, central entrance in moulded surround surmounted by winged solar disc; flanking elaborate giant columns with lotus capitals and single-storey screen wall with Egyptian motifs, first floor small-pane windows set back, deep coving carved with hieroglyphics and winged sun.

INTERIOR: mill entrance into lobby with inserted partition, original doors and stairs to offices; the single-storey area has a cast-iron frame composed of columns in the style of papyrus bundles which support brick shallow groined vaults pierced by circular skylights; two sets of wrought-iron tie bars link the heads of the columns; the original clock in moulded stone surround on the north wall has a metal face, painted numerals and long minute hand; a stone spiral staircase to basement and upper floors rises further east, near the entrance lobby. Basement with brick piers and vaulting not seen. Office: entrance hall with wide staircase, cast-iron balustrade with moulded balusters and ramped handrail; stairs rise to landing with double panelled doors, narrower doors to left and right.

HISTORICAL NOTE: the decision to build a single-storey mill was taken after comparisons were made with the traditional multi-storey units already built by the firm in Marshall Street, only one other having been built, at Deanston in central Scotland, which was a half-acre weaving shed of brick and stone construction. The building represents the zenith of the Marshall Mills flax business in Leeds and had acquired a legendary reputation within a few years of its construction. The Egyptian design has been attributed to the Egyptologist Joseph Bonomi, the architect's brother, Egypt having an important flax industry in the ancient world. For further historical information, see Marshall Mills, Marshall Street (qv). The business ceased production in 1886 and became a clothing factory, James Rhodes and Co., it became Kay and Co in 195?

(Institute of Civil Engineers, Minutes 10 May 1842: Combe, J, A.I.C.E.: Description of a Flax Mill recently erected by Messrs Marshall..: 1842-: 142; Rimmer, WG: Marshalls of Leeds Flax Spinners 1788-1886: 1960-).

Listing NGR: SE2952532691


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
Legacy System:


Books and journals
Rimmer, W G , Marshalls of Leeds Flax Spinners 1788-1886, (1960)
Combe, J, 'Minutes 10 May 1842' in Descripition Of A Flax Mill Recently Erected By Messrs Marshall And Company, (1842), 142


This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

End of official listing

Images of England

Images of England was a photographic record of every listed building in England, created as a snap shot of listed buildings at the turn of the millennium. These photographs of the exterior of listed buildings were taken by volunteers between 1999 and 2008. The project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Date: 13 Jan 2002
Reference: IOE01/06116/20
Rights: Copyright IoE Mrs Pennie Keech. Source Historic England Archive
Archive image, may not represent current condition of site.
To view this image please use Firefox, Chrome, Safari, or Edge.

Your Contributions

Do you know more about this entry?

The following information has been contributed by users volunteering for our Enriching The List project. For small corrections to the List Entry please see our Minor Amendments procedure.

The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. We have not checked that the contributions below are factually accurate. Please see our terms and conditions. If you wish to report an issue with a contribution or have a question please email [email protected].