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List Entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.


List entry Number: 1375162



The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Leeds

District Type: Metropolitan Authority


National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 19-Oct-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Sep-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 466044

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

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Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.



SE2932NE MARSHALL STREET, Holbeck 714-1/80/848 (West side) 19/10/51 Temple Mill (Formerly Listed as: MARSHALL STREET Marshall's Mills or Temple Works including Gate Lodge immediately to north)


Flax spinning mill, now mail order warehouse and offices. 1838-40 and 1840-43. By Ignatious Bonomi the younger of Durham, James Combe engineer. For John Marshall and Company. Brick, cast-iron frame, ashlar facade; roof: flat, C20 asphalt and lead, conical glazed skylights, restored, parapet with stone steps up to roof light over engine house. PLAN: 2 ranges: the main mill range completed 1840 and the office/counting house block projecting on the north side, completed 1843. In the Egyptian Revival style, a copy of the Temple at Edfu. EXTERIOR: main range: tall single-storey over basement with 2-storey range and former engine house on north side, approx 125 x 70m (nearly 2 acres). Frontage to street: battered walls, coved cornice, 18 recessed columns with papyrus capitals break line of screen wall with wood-framed small pane windows between. Right return: mill entrance left, flight of curved steps, restored, deeply-recessed double doors, each of 3 panels, small-pane overlight; attached office range projects on right (qv). Office block: 2 storeys, central entrance in moulded surround surmounted by winged solar disc; flanking elaborate giant columns with lotus capitals and single-storey screen wall with Egyptian motifs, first floor small-pane windows set back, deep coving carved with hieroglyphics and winged sun. INTERIOR: mill entrance into lobby with inserted partition, original doors and stairs to offices; the single-storey area has a cast-iron frame composed of columns in the style of papyrus bundles which support brick shallow groined vaults pierced by circular skylights; 2 sets of wrought-iron tie-bars link the heads of the columns; the original clock in moulded stone surround on the north wall has a metal face, painted numerals and long minute hand; a stone spiral staircase to basement and upper floors rises further east, near the entrance lobby. Basement with brick piers and vaulting not seen.

Office: entrance hall with wide staircase, cast-iron balustrade with moulded balusters and ramped handrail; stairs rise to landing with double panelled doors, narrower doors to left and right. HISTORICAL NOTE: the decision to build a single-storey mill was taken after comparisons were made with the traditional multi-storey units already built by the firm in Marshall Street, only one other having been built, at Deanston in central Scotland, which was a half-acre weaving shed of brick and stone construction. The building represents the zenith of the Marshall Mills flax business in Leeds and had acquired a legendary reputation within a few years of its construction. The Egyptian design has been attributed to the Egyptologist Joseph Bonomi, the architect's brother, Egypt having an important flax industry in the ancient world. For further historical information, see Marshall Mills, Marshall Street (qv). The business ceased production in 1886 and became a clothing factory, James Rhodes and Co., it became Kay and Co in 195ΒΌ (Institute of Civil Engineers, Minutes 10 May 1842: Combe, J, A.I.C.E.: Description of a Flax Mill recently erected by Messrs Marshall..: 1842-: 142; Rimmer, WG: Marshalls of Leeds Flax Spinners 1788-1886: 1960-).

Listing NGR: SE2952532691

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Rimmer, W G , Marshalls of Leeds Flax Spinners 1788-1886, (1960)
Combe, J, 'Minutes 10 May 1842' in Descripition Of A Flax Mill Recently Erected By Messrs Marshall And Company, (1842), 142

National Grid Reference: SE 29525 32691


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End of official listing