Bowl barrow 75m west of Itchen Cottages
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 14-Oct-2019 at 14:27:02.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Winchester (District Authority)
- Compton and Shawford
- National Park:
- SOUTH DOWNS
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 47395 26649
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite having been reduced by cultivation over the years, the barrow 75m west of Itchen Cottages survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The monument includes a circular bowl barrow set on a gentle north-east facing
slope 400m west of the River Itchen. The barrow mound survives under
cultivation to a maximum diameter of 28m and a height of 0.7m. Surrounding
the mound is a 3m wide ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction, this survives as a buried feature. The mound and ditch have a
diameter of 34m.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing