Enclosed settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill summit

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011172

Date first listed: 16-Jul-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Jun-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Enclosed settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill summit
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 57501 71099

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosed settlement 400m west of Raddick Hill summit survives well within an area containing a large variety of important archaeological monuments. The settlement contains archaeological remains and evidence relating to the monument, the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived As such it provides a valuable insight into the nature of Bronze Age occupation on the west side of the moor. The lower part of the enclosure is water-logged and therefore probably contains particularly well-preserved environmental deposits.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes an oval enclosure and seven stone hut circles situated on a gentle west facing slope of Raddick Hill overlooking the valley of the River Meavy. The enclosure measures 100m long by 80m wide and is defined by a rubble wall. This has an average width of 2m and stands to 0.6m high, except on the western downslope side where a lynchet standing up to 1m high denotes its position. Six of the stone hut circles lie within the enclosure and the seventh lies immediately outside to the north west. The stone hut circles are composed of stone and earth banks surrounding a circular internal area. The internal diameter of the huts varies between 3.2m and 7.4m with the average being 5.2m. The height of the surrounding wall varies between 0.4m and 0.9m with the average being 0.58m. Two stone hut circles and a boundary bank lie to the north of this monument and are the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22294

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE15,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,
National Archaeological Record, SX57SE37,

End of official listing