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Long barrow 300m south-east of Middlebarn Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow 300m south-east of Middlebarn Farm

List entry Number: 1012517

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: Test Valley

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chilbolton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Oct-1990

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12115

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and one of the most important concentrations of monuments of this type in the country. This example is regarded as important as, despite some damage, it survives comparatively well and, with no evidence of formal excavation, has considerable archaeological potential.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a long barrow, surviving as a low earthwork, situated on the northern edge of a plateau. It is rectangular in plan and is orientated ESE-WNW. The barrow mound survives to 58m long, 24m wide and a height of 1m towards the centre of the monument. Flanking quarry ditches run parallel to the north and south sides of the barrow mound. These are 12.5m wide and, where visible as earthwork features, survive to a depth of 0.2m. Both ditches survive as below-ground features and both are visible on the ground as areas of darker soil. Irregular spreads of chalky material around the mound, visible both on the ground and on aerial photographs, suggest deliberate levelling of the mound at some time in the past.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)

National Grid Reference: SU 41765 38292

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1012517 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 10:25:19.

End of official listing