Bowl barrow 325m west of Towngate Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1012830

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Apr-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 325m west of Towngate Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: East Hampshire (District Authority)

Parish: Medstead

National Grid Reference: SU 64931 37333

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

There is no evidence for formal excavation of the Towngate Farm barrow and it survives well. The site therefore has considerable archaeological potential.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow surviving in a private garden and set on the crest of a gentle south-facing slope. The barrow mound is of irregular shape measuring 28m from east-west, 16m from north-south and surviving to a height of 1.5m. A ditch, no longer visible at ground level, surrounds the barrow mound and survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. Sheds situated on the west of the barrow mound are excluded from the scheduling although ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12150

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing